Second citizenship

Dual citizenship with Antigua and Barbuda

Dual citizenship is allowed in Antigua and Barbuda, expressly provided in the 1981 Constitution. This means you can be an Antigua and Barbuda citizen and a citizen of other countries.

We tell you what requirements apply to future citizens of Antigua and Barbuda, how the period of obtaining is reduced and whether it is required to renounce the citizenship of other countries.

Dual citizenship on Antigua and Barbuda

How to get citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda

Citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda is obtained by birthright, through adoption, marriage, pedigree, special services to the state and naturalization. Wealthy people can obtain second citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda by investment. 

The rules for obtaining citizenship are enshrined in the Citizenship Law.

Grounds for obtaining citizenship:

  • birth from citizens of the country or in its territory;
  • naturalization;
  • marriage to a citizen of the country;
  • investment;
  • repatriation;
  • adoption;
  • work for the government of the country;
  • for special services to the state.

Citizenship by investment. The Antigua and Barbuda citizenship program by investment is one of the newest in the Caribbean and was launched in 2013.

A second passport by investment costs from $100,000. There are four options offered: contribution to the state fund or a university fund, purchase real estate, or invest in a business.

Family members can obtain dual citizenship at the same time as the investor. The program allows the main applicant’s spouse, children, parents, brothers and sisters to participate.

Citizenship by birth. A child acquires citizenship by birth if at least one of the parents is a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda. In this case, the place of birth does not matter.

Any child born in the country after October 31, 1981, even if his parents are foreigners, acquires the citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda by right of soil. Except for children whose parents are diplomatic workers.

If a child is found on the country’s territory, he is considered a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda until it turns out who his parents are.

Citizenship by adoption is acquired by all minor children adopted or adopted by citizens of Antigua and Barbuda.

Citizenship through marriage can be obtained by the spouse of a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda, subject to cohabitation for at least three years.

Citizenship by registration is obtained by Commonwealth citizens who have lived in the country for more than seven years.

Citizenship by ancestry is granted to children and grandchildren of citizens of Antigua and Barbuda.

Conditions for obtaining second citizenship by naturalization:

  • residence in the country for five years;
  • stable income in the country;
  • no criminal record;
  • intention to live in the country;
  • an Oath of Allegiance to the people and the state.

The spouse of the principal applicant and their minor children can apply for citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda.

5 years
is necessary to live in Antigua and Barbuda to get second citizenship by naturalization

7 benefits of Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship for investors

Low cost of citizenship. A family of up to 4 people can receive Antigua and Barbuda passports in return for investments in the National Development Fund starting from $100,000.

Passports are processed quickly: 3 to 6 months. The Antigua and Barbuda government department approves applications within 10 weeks and plans to shorten this period to a maximum of 45 days.

Schengen countries, the UK, Singapore, and Hong Kong, are included in 151 visa-free countries for Antigua and Barbuda passport holders.  

An Antigua and Barbuda 2nd passport gives the holder the right to stay in the following countries for the indicated periods:

  • 90 days in any half-year period in the European Union;
  • 180 days a year in the UK;
  • 30 days a year in Singapore;
  • 90 days a year in Hong Kong.

Passport makes it easy to get multiple entries 10-year B1/B2 US tourist visa. The visa allows the holder to stay in the US for 180 days a year. Citizens of countries outside the European Union are issued such a visa for up to 3 years.

Investment in real estate can be returned after five years by selling your real estate at a profit to other participants in the citizenship program. The potential income from renting out real estate varies from 2 to 5% per annum.

Concessional prices for studying in the UK. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, headed by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. Therefore, children of an investor with an Antigua and Barbuda passport have access to concessional prices when studying at universities in the UK.

Tax optimization. The local tax structure makes it profitable to conduct international business and register property in Antigua and Barbuda. Tax residents do not pay taxes on income earned outside the country. In addition, there is no tax on wealth, inheritance or capital gains.

List of Visa-Free Countries for Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship

The number of countries where you can enter without a visa with an Antigua and Barbuda 2nd passport is growing every year. Negotiations are underway with New Zealand and Australia on visa-free travel. As of March 2022, Antigua and Barbuda passport holders could travel visa-free to 150 countries and obtain a visa upon arrival at the airport in another 31 countries.

Visa Free Countries for Antigua and Barbuda citizens

Asia

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Armenia

Visa on arrival

2

Bangladesh

Visa on arrival

3

Cambodia

Visa on arrival

4

Georgia

Visa-free

5

Hong Kong

Visa-free

6

Indonesia

Visa-free

7

Iran

Visa on arrival

8

Jordan

Visa on arrival

9

Laos

Visa on arrival

10

Lebanon

Visa on arrival

11

Macao

Visa on arrival

12

Malaysia

Visa-free

13

Maldives

Visa on arrival

14

Nepal

Visa on arrival

15

Philippines

Visa-free

16

Qatar

Visa-free

17

Singapore

Visa-free

18

South Korea

Visa-free

19

Sri Lanka

Electronic entry permit

20

Timor-Leste

Visa on arrival

21

Uzbekistan

Visa-free

Africa

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Botswana

Visa-free

2

Cape Verde Islands

Visa on arrival

3

Comoro Islands

Visa on arrival

4

Egypt

Visa on arrival

5

Eswatini

Visa-free

6

Gambia

Visa-free

7

Guinea-Bissau

Visa on arrival

8

Kenya

Visa on arrival

9

Lesotho

Visa-free

10

Madagascar

Visa on arrival

11

Malawi

Visa-free

12

Mauritania

Visa on arrival

13

Mauritius

Visa-free

14

Mayotte

Visa-free

15

Mozambique

Visa on arrival

16

Reunion

Visa-free

17

Rwanda

Visa on arrival

18

Saint Helena

Visa on arrival

19

Senegal

Visa on arrival

20

Seychelles

Visa on arrival

21

Sierra Leone

Visa on arrival

22

Somalia

Visa on arrival

23

South Africa

Visa-free

24

Tanzania

Visa-free

25

Togo

Visa on arrival

26

Tunisia

Visa-free

27

Uganda

Visa on arrival

28

Zambia

Visa-free

29

Zimbabwe

Visa-free

Europe

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Albania

Visa-free

2

Andorra

Visa-free

3

Austria

Visa-free

4

Belarus

Visa-free

5

Belgium

Visa-free

6

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Visa-free

7

Bulgaria

Visa-free

8

Croatia

Visa-free

9

Cyprus

Visa-free

10

Czech Republic

Visa-free

11

Denmark

Visa-free

12

Estonia

Visa-free

13

Faroe Islands

Visa-free

14

Finland

Visa-free

15

France

Visa-free

16

Germany

Visa-free

17

Gibraltar

Visa-free

18

Greece

Visa-free

19

Hungary

Visa-free

20

Iceland

Visa-free

21

Ireland

Visa-free

22

Italy

Visa-free

23

Kosovo

Visa-free

24

Latvia

Visa-free

25

Liechtenstein

Visa-free

26

Lithuania

Visa-free

27

Luxembourg

Visa-free

28

Malta

Visa-free

29

Moldova

Visa-free

30

Monaco

Visa-free

31

Montenegro

Visa-free

32

Netherlands

Visa-free

33

North Macedonia

Visa-free

34

Norway

Visa-free

35

Poland

Visa-free

36

Portugal

Visa-free

37

Romania

Visa-free

38

Russia

Visa-free

39

San Marino

Visa-free

40

Serbia

Visa-free

41

Slovakia

Visa-free

42

Slovenia 

Visa-free

43

Spain

Visa-free

44

Sweden

Visa-free

45

Switzerland

Visa-free

46

Ukraine

Visa-free

47

United Kingdom

Visa-free

48

Vatican City

Visa-free

Oceania

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Cook Islands

Visa-free

2

Fiji

Visa-free

3

French Polynesia

Visa-free

4

Kiribati

Visa-free

5

Micronesia

Visa-free

6

New Caledonia

Visa-free

7

Niue

Visa-free

8

Palau

Visa on arrival

9

Samoa

Visa on arrival

10

Solomon Islands

Visa on arrival

11

Tuvalu

Visa on arrival

12

Vanuatu

Visa-free

North America

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Anguilla

Visa-free

2

Bahamas

Visa-free

3

Barbados

Visa-free

4

Belize

Visa-free

5

Bermuda

Visa-free

6

British Virgin Islands

Visa-free

7

Cayman Islands

Visa-free

8

Costa Rica

Visa-free

9

Cuba

Visa-free

10

Dominica

Visa-free

11

Dominican Republic 

Visa-free

12

El Salvador

Visa-free

13

French West Indies

Visa-free

14

Greenland

Visa-free

15

Grenada

Visa-free

16

Guatemala

Visa-free

17

Haiti

Visa-free

18

Honduras

Visa-free

19

Jamaica

Visa-free

20

Montserrat

Visa-free

21

Nicaragua

Visa-free

22

Panama

Visa-free

23

St Kitts and Nevis

Visa-free

24

St Lucia

Visa-free

25

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Visa-free

26

Sint Maarten

Visa-free

27

Trinidad and Tobago

Visa-free

28

Turks and Caicos Islands

Visa-free

South America

No.

Country

Entry conditions

1

Aruba

Visa-free

2

Bolivia

Visa on arrival

3

Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba

Visa-free

4

Brazil

Visa-free

5

Chile

Visa-free

6

Colombia

Visa-free

7

Curacao

Visa-free

8

Ecuador

Visa-free

9

French Guiana

Visa-free

10

Guyana

Visa-free

11

Peru

Visa-free

12

Suriname

Visa-free

13

Venezuela

Visa-free

Who can obtain second citizenship by investment

Citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda can be obtained by an investor 18 years of age or older, with documented legal income, without a criminal record and a serious illness.

In addition to the investor, Antigua and Barbuda’s second citizenship can be obtained by the investor’s spouse, children up to 30 years old, parents aged 55 years and older and siblings. Children with physical or mental disabilities can be included in the application regardless of their age.

The cost of citizenship for a family is calculated based on the age and number of participants. We cover the details in the following sections.

Who can obtain Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship

InvestorOver 18 years old
No criminal record
Legal income
Not under sanctions
Has not been refused a visa or citizenship
Has passed due diligence
SpouseOfficially married to the investor
Future spouse
ChildrenOver 18 years old
Under 30 years old
Financially dependent on investor
Live with the investor
Including children from previous marriages
Parents and grandparentsOver 55 years old
Financially dependent on the investor
Live with the investor
SiblingsNot married
Financially dependent on investor

The investor's family members can be added to the citizenship program after the investor receives their passport. The government of Antigua and Barbuda has reduced the fee for adding a spouse or parent to a citizenship application from $75,000 to $50,000.  

The cost of adding a child under five years old is $10,000 while adding a child from 6 to17 years old is $20,000. Children over 18 years old cannot be added to the application at a later date. They need to be included in the original application together with the investor.

Our son has always wanted to study abroad at a prestigious university. And we are happy we can afford it. So now Lakmal is a student at the University of London. He is planning to get a job in the UK, too.

But we all depend on visas. We cannot visit Lakmal as we wish, and we hardly made it to come on time for his birthday. Our son’s future is also at stake: he may be short of time and asked to leave the country before finding a good job after graduation.

Investment options for second citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda

To attract foreign capital to develop the economy, Antigua and Barbuda revised the terms of their citizenship program in 2020. The amount of investment in real estate was reduced to $200,000. For a family of at least six members, it also added the option to invest in the University of the West Indies Fund.

Dual citizenship can be obtained remotely and confidentially through a licensed program agent. The investor will need to visit the country for the oath of allegiance and spend at least five days there during the first five years of the citizenship program.

Four investment options

$100,000:
a non-refundable contribution to the National Development Fund (NDF). The money in the state fund is used to re-equip hospitals, develop alternative energy, and open new schools and universities.
$150,000:
a contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund for a family of at least six people. This option also offers a year of free education at the university for one of the children included in the application within five years after the investor receives their passport.
How to get Portugal citizenship in five years through a residence permit by investment
$200,000:
investment in an elite hotel approved by the government. The share can be sold after five years.
$1,500,000:
investment in one of the 11 government-approved business projects, primarily in construction companies. Investments can also be made in the organization of a call centre or agriculture.

In addition to the investment, the applicant needs to pay state fees, pay for due diligence, and pay administration fees. Using the example of investment in the state fund, we examine the costs of participating in the citizenship program for the investor and their family.

Investment in the Antigua and Barbuda State Fund, including fees

Cost itemCosts
Investments in the National Transformation Fund$100,000 for an investor with a family of up to 4 people

$125,000 for a family of 5 or more members
State fees$30,000 for a family of up to 4 people

$15,000 for each additional member starting from the fifth family member
Due Diligence$7,500 for an investor or their spouse

$2,000 per child from 11 to 17 years old

$4,000 per child from 18 to 30 years old, as well as for each parent over 55 years old
Passport fee$300 per applicant

Investment in real estate can be recouped in five years

An investor can only invest in properties that the government has approved for the program. The minimum investment is $200,000, which is twice as high as the minimum contribution required in the National Development Fund. However, most of the money can be recouped without affecting the status of the investor and their family’s citizenship, which remains valid for their lifetime.

After five years, the investment property can be sold at a profit to other participants in the program. In this case, the cost of second citizenship for the investor and their family is effectively reduced to just the registration fees.

4% return: the investor can earn a potential return of 4% on the sale of the investment property. The deal can take place remotely without the investor being physically present.  

Properties that are rented out earn an income of 2 to 5% per annum. The management company takes care of all the administration, maintains the real estate, finds tenants when required and pays the bills.

Tourists rent property in Antigua and Barbuda all year round. The demand for real estate declined due to the COVID-19 epidemic but has gradually started to recover after the partial opening of borders.

Using the example of a real estate investment, we show the costs of participating in the citizen program for an investor and their family.

Cost of investing in real estate in Antigua and Barbuda, including fees

Cost itemCosts
Investment$200,000, regardless of the number of applicants, for at least 5 years
State fees$30,000 for a family of up to 4 members

$15,000 for each additional applicant, starting from the fifth member 
Due Diligence$7,500 for an investor or their spouse

$2,000 per child 11 to 17 years old

$4,000 per child 18 to 30 years old or parent at least 55 years old
Passport fee$300 for each applicant
Caribbean second passport: premium hotel complex in Antigua and Barbuda

A share in a premium hotel complex in Antigua and Barbuda, 50 meters from the ocean, costs $200,000

Caribbean second passport: premium hotel complex in Antigua and Barbuda

This luxury villa located in Antigua and Barbuda, 50 meters from the ocean, costs $450,000

Cost of Antigua and Barbuda dual Citizenship

We break down the costs of different options for participating in the citizenship program for a family of 4.

Calculation of the investment amount for the investor, their spouse and two children (11 and 25 years old)

CostsContribution to state fundReal estate
Investment$100,000$200,000
Due Diligence$21,000$21,000
State fees$30,000$30,000
Passport fee$1200$1200
Investment amount returned$200,000
$152,200$52,200

Incentives for tax residents of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda joined the Common Reporting Standard (CRS), an information standard for the automatic exchange of tax information, in 2018. Under the double taxation avoidance agreement, the investors can choose the country they prefer to pay taxes: the investor's country of origin or Antigua and Barbuda.

The government of Antigua and Barbuda is interested in raising capital, and it has developed a tax system for business development. Tax residents do not pay taxes on income and capital earned outside Antigua and Barbuda. In addition, there are no taxes on capital gains, wealth or inheritance.

Taxes are levied on businesses operating in the country, as well as on the purchase of real estate and land. However, investments in real estate under the citizenship program offer tax benefits: no land licence fee is charged.

Business and Taxes in Caribbean Countries

An international business company (IBC) can be registered in Antigua and Barbuda to conduct international business and attract partners abroad. IBCs are exempt from taxes for 50 years as long as they operate in the Caribbean region.

In Antigua and Barbuda, there is no requirement to file annual accounting and auditing reports. Companies only need to store company documents on the territory of the country.

Tax rates in Antigua and Barbuda:

  • on real estate, up to 0.5%; 
  • on the transfer of real estate: ranging from 2.5 to 7.5%; 
  • on income of companies registered locally: 25%

Antigua and Barbuda tax residents can open an account in any international bank. This helps settle foreign exchange transactions with foreign partners faster.

To become a tax resident in Antigua and Barbuda, you need to reside in the country for at least 183 days in the year, apply and pay the fee.

5 steps to obtain Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship

Preliminary confidential check on international information bases
1–3 days and is done remotely
Immigrant Invest is the licensed agent of the Antigua and Barbuda program, which has its own compliance department. A certified compliance anti-money laundering officer will examine the investor's documents to assess the likelihood of rejection.

If we believe there is a risk of rejection during the verification process, we will select alternative solutions. 

Pre-screening reduces the risk of an application for citizenship by investment being rejected to 1%.
Signing an agreementYou will be signing an agreement with the licensed agent of the Antigua and Barbuda program - Immigrant Invest. You can sign a contract at one of our offices or remotely.
Preparing the required documents.Immigrant Invest's lawyers will help you prepare the documents required for citizenship, translate them into English, notarize them and complete the necessary forms. 

Immigrant Invest then transfers the documents prepared to the relevant Antigua and Barbuda government department.
Due Diligence check by Antigua and Barbuda Government Agencies 
3 to 6 months
The process starts when the citizenship application is submitted and lasts 3 to 6 months. Then, the Due Diligence procedure can be started by providing scanned copies of the required documents. The check takes place remotely and does not require the investor to be present.
Receiving a passportImmigrant Invest’s lawyers will hand over passports and naturalization certificates to the investor and his family at our office or deliver them by courier.

In addition, the investor will need to visit Antigua and Barbuda to take the Oath of Allegiance and spend at least five days in the country during the first five years of citizenship. Otherwise, their citizenship may be revoked.

Due to the pandemic, the rules have changed. Investors do not need to visit the country if the 5-year period expires before August 31, 2022. This period may be extended if the threat from the pandemic in the world does not ease.

Frequently asked questions

Is dual citizenship allowed in Antigua and Barbuda?

Yes. Dual citizenship is allowed in Antigua and Barbuda, expressly provided in the 1981 Constitution. This means you can be an Antigua and Barbuda citizen and a citizen of other countries.

Who can get a second Antigua & Barbuda citizenship by investment?

Citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda can be obtained by an investor 18 years of age or older, with documented legal income, without a criminal record and a serious illness.

In addition to the investor, an Antigua second passport can be obtained by the investor’s spouse, children up to 30 years old, parents aged 55 years and older and siblings.

How do I become a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda?

Citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda is obtained by birthright, through adoption, marriage, pedigree, special services to the state and naturalization. Wealthy people can obtain second citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda by investment.

What are the benefits of a second passport for Antigua and Barbuda?

The main benefits of Antigua and Barbuda’s dual citizenship: 

 

  1. Low cost of second citizenship. A family of up to 4 people can receive Antigua and Barbuda passports in return for investments in the National Development Fund starting from $100,000.
  2. Passports are processed quickly: 3 to 6 months. The Antigua and Barbuda government department approves applications within ten weeks and plans to shorten this period to 45 days.
  3. The Antigua and Barbuda passport is a lifetime alternative to visas to 150 countries, including the Schengen area, the UK, Singapore and Hong Kong. Also, citizens of this country can get a 10-year visa to the USA and renew it remotely.
Dual citizenship with Antigua and Barbuda

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