Investment Migration Countries

Countries in Europe, Oceania, the Caribbean and the Middle East grant residency or citizenship for investment in the state economy. Here is why and where to get a second passport or a residence permit, and what are the essential requirements for applicants.

$100,000+ The minimum
investment amount
1 month to 3 years Residency or citizenship
obtaining period
90+ countries Visa-free destinations
with a second passport

Citizenship by investment

Country
Investment
Time required
Benefits
Malta €690,000+14 months or 3 years
€690,000+
14 months or 3 years
  • Visa-free entry to the United States and simplified entry to the UK
  • Ability to live, study, and work in any EU country
  • EU passport in 14 months with confirmation of connection with Malta
Montenegro €472,000+6 monthsuntil 31 Dec 2022
€472,000+
6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, Singapore and Hong Kong
  • Opportunity to obtain a US E-2 business visa
Turkey $400,000+6—8 months
$400,000+
6—8 months
  • Visa-free entry to Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong
  • Opportunity to obtain a US E-2 business visa
St. Kitts and Nevis $150,000+2-6 months
$150,000+
2-6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, the UK
  • Simplified procedure for residence permit to study in the EU
  • Possibility to buy any real estate for more than $400,000, not limited to government approved properties
Grenada $150,000+4-6 months
$150,000+
4-6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, Britain, and China
  • Eligibility for US E-2 business visa
  • Citizenship is inherited
St Lucia $100,000+3-4 months
$100,000+
3-4 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries and the UK
  • Obtain a residence permit to study in the EU under a simplified procedure
  • Can buy any property, not limited to government approved real estate
Antigua and Barbuda $100,000+4-6 months
$100,000+
4-6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries and the UK
  • Obtain a residence permit to study in the EU under a simplified procedure
  • Favorable conditions for families
Dominica $100,000+2–6 months
$100,000+
2–6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, Britain and China
  • Obtain a residence permit to study in the EU under a simplified procedure
  • Favorable conditions for families
  • Citizenship is inherited
Vanuatu $130,000+1-2 months
$130,000+
1-2 months
  • Visa-free entry to the UK
  • Obtain a residence permit to study in the EU under a simplified procedure
  • The fastest citizenship program in the world, passport processed in just 1 month
  • Citizenship is inherited

Residency by investment

Country
Investment
Time required
Benefits
Portugal Residence permit €250 000+2-4 months
€250 000+
2-4 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • Apply for citizenship 5 years after obtaining and maintaining the residence permit
  • Can keep citizenship of your country of origin
Malta Permanent residence €150,000+2-4 month
€150,000+
2-4 month
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • The ability to live, study, start a business, and work in Malta
  • New family members can be added after the investor has received permanent residence
Greece Residence permit €250,000+2-6 months
€250,000+
2-6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • Possibility to live, study, and start a business in Greece
  • New family members can be added after the investor receives their residence permit
Cyprus Permanent residence €300,000+3 months
€300,000+
3 months
  • Tax optimization
  • Property investment income
  • The prospect of obtaining a Cypriot passport
Malta Residence permit €30,000+6-8 months
€30,000+
6-8 months
  • Visa-free entry to Schengen countries
  • Opportunity to live, study, and start a business in Malta
  • Residence permit for new family members after the investor has received their residence permit
Austria Residence permit €100,000+ 4-8 months
€100,000+
4-8 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • Live in a country with a high level of security, medicine and education
  • Permanent residence in Austria after 5 years of holding a residence permit
Switzerland Permanent residence ₣450,000+ per annum6 months
₣450,000+ per annum
6 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • Live in a country with a high level of security, medicine, and education
Spain Residence permit €500,000+2-3 months
€500,000+
2-3 months
  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries
  • Opportunity to live, study, and start a business in Spain
  • Opportunity to obtain citizenship after 10 years
Andorra Residence permit €400,000+3 month
€400,000+
3 month
  • Visa-free entry to France and Spain
  • Simplified US and Schengen visas processing
  • Can be spent in the country only 3 months a year
UAE Golden visa AED 2,000,0002+ months
AED 2,000,000
2+ months
  • Moving to the UAE or creating a “safe haven”
  • Tax optimisation
  • Opening a bank account in the UAE
  • Getting a driver’s licence
Download comparison of all citizenship and residence programs
Get the guide

PDF, 22 pages, 3.5 MB

What features for investors

Benefits

Second citizenship or residency allows one to travel freely around the world, move abroad, and provide safety and a better quality of life to your family.

Some countries enable applicants to obtain a second passport remotely, and others make lenient demands on living in the country and learning its language.

The list of countries for migration

By investment includes South European states, popular among expats: Portugal, Greece, and Spain. Migration programs also work in the UAE, Vanuatu and Caribbean states.

The investment options

Depend on a country and status. In the Caribbean, investors usually choose between contribution to a state fund and property purchase. In European countries, they may buy real estate, transfer capital, and invest in securities or businesses.

How can a licensed agent help
you get residency or citizenship?

As a rule, migration by investment requires the participation of a licensed agent, a consulting company helping investors apply and get a second passport. This condition is indicated in the laws of most states that grant citizenship by investment.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent of investment migration programs in the EU and the Caribbean. Our clients trust our expertise, confirmed with governmental licences, 15 years on the market and six offices around the globe.

Individual meeting

Help with the choice

I will offer the best solution based on your tasks,
budget and terms

Zlata Erlach Head of the Vienna office,
investment program expert
Schedule a meeting

Frequently asked questions

What is migration by investment?

Investment migration implies that a state attracts capital from foreign investors and grants them residency or citizenship in return.

Usually, participation in migration programs doesn’t oblige investors to move. Holders of Portugal Golden Visas visit the country for seven days a year, and Malta PR by investment doesn’t require living there to maintain residency.

A second passport or a residence permit card helps you enter the country anytime and travel visa-free.

What are the benefits of investment-based migration?

Sometimes it’s easier to migrate by investment than choose another path to residency. Investors can obtain citizenship or residency under comfortable conditions; they don’t need to pass language exams, stay in the country for most of the year or spend several years there. Caribbean states and Vanuatu even allow applicants to get their passports remotely.

In some countries for migration, foreigners are allowed to buy real estate to get residency or citizenship. Portugal, Malta, Greece, Spain, Turkey, Montenegro, and the UAE are among them.

What is the difference between residency and citizenship?

Residency is temporary permission to live in the country. A residence permit is valid for 1—5 years, and then it may be renewed.

Work, study, marriage and other purposes of living in the country lead to residency. Also, it may be obtained by investment, and the conditions will be pretty mild in that case. For example, investors are not obliged to pass any exams or live in the country to maintain residency.

Citizenship implies that a person has full rights and obligations to the state. The status is life-long and is usually confirmed with a passport. Citizenship allows:

  • to live in the country;
  • to use all state benefits, for example, free healthcare or education;
  • to be protected by the state when abroad;
  • to enjoy visa-free travelling to countries with visa waiver agreements with the state of citizenship.
Can I have multiple citizenships?

Yes, if every state that granted you a passport allows dual citizenship. For example, citizens of Malta, Portugal, and Greece may enjoy the benefits of multiple citizenships.

Some countries don’t allow their citizens to obtain citizenship in other states. Spain, Austria, the UAE and some other countries are on the list. An alternative option, in this case, is to obtain temporary or permanent residence abroad.