Investment Migration Countries

Countries in Europe, Oceania, the Caribbean and the Middle East grant residency or citizenship for investment in the state economy. Here is why and where to get a second passport or a residence permit, and what are the essential requirements for applicants.

$100,000+

The minimum
investment amount

1 month to 3 years

Residency or citizenship
obtaining period

90+ countries

Visa-free destinations
with a second passport

Citizenship by investment

CountryInvestmentsTime requiredBenefits

mt-flagmt-flag

Malta

Naturalisation for exceptional services by direct investment
€690,000+|14 months or 3 years

€690,000+14 months or 3 years

14 months or 3 years

  • Visa-free entry to the United States and simplified entry to the UK

  • Ability to live, study, and work in an EU country

  • Citizenship in 14+ months with confirmation of connection with Malta

tr-flagtr-flag

Turkey

$400,000+|6—8 months

$400,000+6—8 months

6—8 months

  • Visa-free entry to Japan, Singapore, and other 100+ countries

  • Opportunity to obtain a US E-2 business visa

  • A safe haven in a warm country by the sea

kn-flagkn-flag

St Kitts & Nevis

$250,000+|6+ months

$250,000+6+ months

6+ months

  • Global mobility with 150+ visa-free destinations

  • Opportunity to get a 10-year visitor visa to the USA

  • Possibility to become a tax resident and pay 0% personal income tax

gd-flaggd-flag

Grenada

$150,000+|6+ months

$150,000+6+ months

6+ months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, the UK, and China

  • Eligibility for the US E-2 business visa

  • No taxes on foreign income, dividends, interest, and royalties in Grenada

lc-flaglc-flag

St Lucia

$100,000+|4+ months

$100,000+4+ months

4+ months

  • Global mobility with 140+ visa-free destinations

  • Opportunity to get a 10-year visitor visa to the USA

  • No taxes on foreign income, dividends, and capital gains in St Lucia

ag-flagag-flag

Antigua & Barbuda

$100,000+|3—6 months

$100,000+3—6 months

3—6 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries and the UK

  • Opportunity to get a 10-year visitor visa to the USA

  • Favorable investment conditions for families

dm-flagdm-flag

Dominica

$100,000+|3—6 months

$100,000+3—6 months

3—6 months

  • Global mobility with 140+ visa-free destinations

  • Opportunity to get a 10-year visitor visa to the USA

  • No taxes on dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains for Dominica tax residents

vu-flagvu-flag

Vanuatu

$130,000+|1—2 months

$130,000+1—2 months

1—2 months

  • Fastest citizenship program in the world, with application processing within 1—2 months

  • Opportunity to get a 5-year visitor visa to the USA

  • Beneficial tax regime for companies for 20 years

eg-flageg-flag

Egypt

$250,000+|6+ months

$250,000+6+ months

6+ months

  • Creating a safe haven in a warm country by the sea

  • Eligibility for the Е‑2 business visa to the USA

  • Bank accounts in Egypt

py-flagpy-flag

Paraguay

€7,200+|4 years

€7,200+4 years

4 years

  • Moving to Paraguay and creating a safe haven

  • 140+ visa-free countries, including the Schengen states and the UK

  • Affordable cost of living and international bank accounts

me-flagme-flag

Montenegro

Unavailable
€472,000+|6 months

€472,000+6 months

6 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, Singapore and Hong Kong

  • Opportunity to obtain a US E-2 business visa

md-flagmd-flag

Moldova

Unavailable
€100,000+|3—4 months

€100,000+3—4 months

3—4 months

  • Visa-free entry to 130+ countries

  • Citizenship for the whole family

  • Citizenship can be passed on to descendants

cy-flagcy-flag

Cyprus

Unavailable
€2,000,000+|6+ months

€2,000,000+6+ months

6+ months

  • Visa-free entry to 160+ countries

  • Tax optimization

  • Safe haven in an EU island state in the Mediterranian Sea

Residency by investment

CountryInvestmentsTime requiredBenefits

pt-flagpt-flag

Portugal

Golden Visa
€250 000+|8—10 months

€250 000+8—10 months

8—10 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Prospect of citizenship in 5 years after obtaining and maintaining the residence permit

  • Safe haven in a European country by the ocean

pt-flagpt-flag

Portugal

D7 Visa
€9,840 a year|4+ months

€9,840 a year4+ months

4+ months

  • Moving to Portugal at the lowest cost

  • Visa-free travel across the Schengen Area

  • Prospect of citizenship in 5 years

pt-flagpt-flag

Portugal

Digital Nomad Visa
€3,280 a month|4+ months

€3,280 a month4+ months

4+ months

  • Moving to Europe and creating a safe haven

  • Visa-free travel across the Schengen Area

  • Prospect of citizenship in 5 years

pt-flagpt-flag

Portugal

Startup Visa
€5,176+|3—4 months

€5,176+3—4 months

3—4 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Prospect of citizenship in 5 years

  • Starting a business and moving to the EU

it-flagit-flag

Italy

Residence permit
€250,000+|3+ months

€250,000+3+ months

3+ months

  • Visa-free travel to the Schengen countries

  • Creating of a safe haven or moving to Italy

  • Special tax regime

mt-flagmt-flag

Malta

Permanent residence
€150,000+|6—8 months

€150,000+6—8 months

6—8 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Ability to live, study, start a business, and work in Malta

  • New family members can be added after the investor has received permanent residence

gr-flaggr-flag

Greece

Residence permit
€250,000+ Until August 31st, 2024|6+ months

€250,000+ Until August 31st, 20246+ months

6+ months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Possibility to live, study, and start a business in Greece

  • Prospect of citizenship in 7 years

cy-flagcy-flag

Cyprus

Permanent residence
€300,000+|6+ months

€300,000+6+ months

6+ months

  • Tax optimisation

  • Property investment income

  • Prospect of obtaining citizenship in 5 years

mt-flagmt-flag

Malta

Residence Permit
€30,000+|3—4 months

€30,000+3—4 months

3—4 months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Opportunity to live, study, and start a business in Malta

  • Tax optimisation with a special regime

mt-flagmt-flag

Malta

Nomad Residence Permit
€3,500+ a month|5+ months

€3,500+ a month5+ months

5+ months

  • Moving to Europe and creating a safe haven

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Tax optimisation

es-flages-flag

Spain

Residence permit
€500,000+|5+ months

€500,000+5+ months

5+ months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Opportunity to live, study, and start a business in Spain

  • Prospect of citizenship in 10 years

ae-flagae-flag

UAE

Golden Visa
AED 750,000+|2+ months

AED 750,000+2+ months

2+ months

  • Moving to the UAE or creating a “safe haven”

  • Tax optimisation

  • Opening a bank account in the UAE

  • Getting a driver’s licence

hu-flaghu-flag

Hungary

Residence permit
€250,000+|Several months

€250,000+Several months

Several months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen Area

  • Relocation to a European country with an affordable cost of living

  • Tax optimisation with low rates

us-flagus-flag

USA

Investor visa
$870,000+|5+ years

$870,000+5+ years

5+ years

  • Moving to the USA or creating a safe haven

  • Opportunity to obtain US citizenship

  • Opening bank accounts in the USA

at-flagat-flag

Austria

Residence permit
€100,000+ |3+ months

€100,000+ 3+ months

3+ months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Living in a country with a high level of safety, healthcare, and education

  • Permanent residence in Austria after 5 years of holding a residence permit

ch-flagch-flag

Switzerland

Residence permit
₣450,000+ per annum|6+ months

₣450,000+ per annum6+ months

6+ months

  • Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries

  • Living in a country with a high level of safety, healthcare, and education

  • Prospect of citizenship in 10 years

ad-flagad-flag

Andorra

Residence Permit
€600,000+|2+ months

€600,000+2+ months

2+ months

  • Visa-free entry to France and Spain

  • Simplified US and Schengen visas processing

  • Only 3-month residing a year to keep the residence permit

id-flagid-flag

Indonesia

Second Home Visa
$130,000+|1+ months

$130,000+1+ months

1+ months

  • Moving to Indonesia and creating a safe haven

  • Prospect of permanent residency in 3 years

  • Doing business and investing in Indonesia

th-flagth-flag

Thailand

Elite Visa
$25,500+|1—3 months

$25,500+1—3 months

1—3 months

  • Long-term visa to live in Thailand or create a safe haven for up to 15 years

  • Bonuses and privileges for visa holders

  • Tax optimisation

gb-flaggb-flag

UK

Unavailable
£2,000,000+|2—3 months

£2,000,000+2—3 months

2—3 months

  • Opportunity to live, study, and start a business in the UK

  • Prestigious education at British schools and universities

  • Prospect of citizenship in 5 years

hu-flaghu-flag

Hungary

Unavailable
€300,000+|4—8 weeks

€300,000+4—8 weeks

4—8 weeks

  • Visa-free travel to the Schengen countries

  • Moving to an EU country or creating a safe haven

  • Tax optimisation

Select Your Ideal Investment

Practical Guide

Select Your Ideal Investment

Download the guide to discover the differences between the popular investment programs and decide which suits you best.

What features for investors

Benefits

Second citizenship or residency allows one to travel freely around the world, move abroad, and provide safety and a better quality of life to your family.

Some countries enable applicants to obtain a second passport remotely, and others make lenient demands on living in the country and learning its language.

The list of countries for migration

By investment includes South European states, popular among expats: Portugal, Greece, and Spain. Migration programs also work in the UAE, Vanuatu and Caribbean states.

The investment options

Depend on a country and status. In the Caribbean, investors usually choose between contribution to a state fund and property purchase. In European countries, they may buy real estate, transfer capital, and invest in securities or businesses.

How can a licensed agent help you get residency or citizenship?

As a rule, migration by investment requires the participation of a licensed agent, a consulting company helping investors apply and get a second passport. This condition is indicated in the laws of most states that grant citizenship by investment.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent of investment migration programs in the EU and the Caribbean. Our clients trust our expertise, confirmed with governmental licences, 15 years on the market and six offices around the globe.

Schedule a meeting

Help with the choice

I will offer the solution based on your tasks,

budget and terms

Zlata Erlach
Zlata Erlach

Head of the Austrian office

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Frequently asked questions

  • What is migration by investment?

    Investment migration implies that a state attracts capital from foreign investors and grants them residency or citizenship in return.

    Usually, participation in migration programs doesn’t oblige investors to move. Holders of Portugal Golden Visas visit the country for seven days a year, and Malta PR by investment doesn’t require living there to maintain residency.

    A second passport or a residence permit card helps you enter the country anytime and travel visa-free.

  • What are the benefits of investment-based migration?

    Sometimes it’s easier to migrate by investment than choose another path to residency. Investors can obtain citizenship or residency under comfortable conditions; they don’t need to pass language exams, stay in the country for most of the year or spend several years there. Caribbean states and Vanuatu even allow applicants to get their passports remotely.

    In some countries for migration, foreigners are allowed to buy real estate to get residency or citizenship. Portugal, Malta, Greece, Spain, Turkey, Montenegro, and the UAE are among them.

  • What is the difference between residency and citizenship?

    Residency is temporary permission to live in the country. A residence permit is valid for 1—5 years, and then it may be renewed.

    Work, study, marriage and other purposes of living in the country lead to residency. Also, it may be obtained by investment, and the conditions will be pretty mild in that case. For example, investors are not obliged to pass any exams or live in the country to maintain residency.

    Citizenship implies that a person has full rights and obligations to the state. The status is life-long and is usually confirmed with a passport. Citizenship allows:

    • to live in the country;

    • to use all state benefits, for example, free healthcare or education;

    • to be protected by the state when abroad;

    • to enjoy visa-free travelling to countries with visa waiver agreements with the state of citizenship.

  • Can I have multiple citizenships?

    Yes, if every state that granted you a passport allows dual citizenship. For example, citizens of Malta, Portugal, and Greece may enjoy the benefits of multiple citizenships.

    Some countries don’t allow their citizens to obtain citizenship in other states. Spain, Austria, the UAE and some other countries are on the list. An alternative option, in this case, is to obtain temporary or permanent residence abroad.