Citizenship
May 18, 2024
Reading Time: 8 min

Comparison of Antigua and Barbuda & St Lucia passports

Government citizenship programs for investors operate in both countries. Their passports allow participants to visit 140+ states visa‑free. The programs differ in the conditions: investment options, costs and timeframes.

Explore the second citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda or St Lucia and choose the most convenient option.

Lyle Julien
Lyle Julien

Compared the two Caribbean CBI programs

Antigua and Barbuda and St Lucia passports allow visa-free access to at least 140 states

Comparison of Antigua and Barbuda & St Lucia passports

How to compare passports of St Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda

Investors choose the second passport by evaluating the opportunities the documents provide. First, there are the main visa-free destinations.

Visa-free destinations. Citizens of St Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda travel to the Schengen Area and the UK visa-free. Also, they can get B‑1/B‑2 visitor visas to the US.

We marked different entry conditions in the tables below with icons:

  • ❌ means that citizens of Antigua and Barbuda need a visa, and St Lucia’s don’t, or the other way round;

  • ⚠️ means that the entry conditions are slightly different. For example, Antigua and Barbuda citizens have visa-free entry, while St Lucia’s get visas on arrival.

Europe

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

❌ Albania

Visa required

Visa-free

2

Andorra

Visa-free

Visa-free

3

Austria

Visa-free

Visa-free

4

❌ Belarus

Visa required

Visa-free

5

Belgium

Visa-free

Visa-free

6

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Visa-free

Visa-free

7

Bulgaria

Visa-free

Visa-free

8

Croatia

Visa-free

Visa-free

9

Cyprus

Visa-free

Visa-free

10

Czech Republic

Visa-free

Visa-free

11

Denmark

Visa-free

Visa-free

12

Estonia

Visa-free

Visa-free

13

Faroe Islands

Visa-free

Visa-free

14

Finland

Visa-free

Visa-free

15

France

Visa-free

Visa-free

16

Germany

Visa-free

Visa-free

17

Gibraltar

Visa-free

Visa-free

18

Greece

Visa-free

Visa-free

19

Greenland

Visa-free

Visa-free

20

Hungary

Visa-free

Visa-free

21

Iceland

Visa-free

Visa-free

22

Ireland

Visa-free

Visa-free

23

Italy

Visa-free

Visa-free

24

Kosovo

Visa-free

Visa-free

25

Latvia

Visa-free

Visa-free

26

Liechtenstein

Visa-free

Visa-free

27

Lithuania

Visa-free

Visa-free

28

Luxembourg

Visa-free

Visa-free

29

Malta

Visa-free

Visa-free

30

Moldova

Visa-free

Visa-free

31

Monaco

Visa-free

Visa-free

32

Montenegro

Visa-free

Visa-free

33

Netherlands

Visa-free

Visa-free

34

❌ North Macedonia

Visa required

Visa-free

35

Norway

Visa-free

Visa-free

36

Poland

Visa-free

Visa-free

37

Portugal

Visa-free

Visa-free

38

Romania

Visa-free

Visa-free

39

❌ Russia

Visa required

Visa-free

40

San Marino

Visa-free

Visa-free

41

❌ Serbia

Visa required

Visa-free

42

Slovakia

Visa-free

Visa-free

43

Slovenia

Visa-free

Visa-free

44

Spain

Visa-free

Visa-free

45

Sweden

Visa-free

Visa-free

46

Switzerland

Visa-free

Visa-free

47

❌ Ukraine

Visa required

Visa-free

48

United Kingdom

Visa-free

Visa-free

49

Vatican City

Visa-free

Visa-free

North America

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

Anguilla

Visa-free

Visa-free

2

Antigua and Barbuda

Visa-free

Visa-free

3

Bahamas

Visa-free

Visa-free

4

Barbados

Visa-free

Visa-free

5

Belize

Visa-free

Visa-free

6

Bermuda

Visa-free

Visa-free

7

British Virgin Islands

Visa-free

Visa-free

8

Cayman Islands

Visa-free

Visa-free

9

Costa Rica

Visa-free

Visa-free

10

Cuba

Visa-free

Visa-free

11

Dominica

Visa-free

Visa-free

12

Dominican Republic

Visa-free

Visa-free

13

El Salvador

Visa-free

Visa-free

14

French West Indies

Visa-free

Visa-free

15

Greenland

Visa-free

Visa-free

16

Grenada

Visa-free

Visa-free

17

Guatemala

Visa-free

Visa-free

18

Haiti

Visa-free

Visa-free

19

Honduras

Visa-free

Visa-free

20

Jamaica

Visa-free

Visa-free

21

Montserrat

Visa-free

Visa-free

22

Nicaragua

Visa-free

Visa-free

23

Panama

Visa-free

Visa-free

24

Sint Maarten

Visa-free

Visa-free

25

St Kitts and Nevis

Visa-free

Visa-free

26

St Lucia

Visa-free

Visa-free

27

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Visa-free

Visa-free

28

Trinidad and Tobago

Visa-free

Visa-free

29

Turks and Caicos Islands

Visa-free

Visa-free

South America

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

❌ Argentina

Visa-free

Visa required

2

Aruba

Visa-free

Visa-free

3

Bolivia

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

4

Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba

Visa-free

Visa-free

5

❌ Brazil

Visa required

Visa-free

6

Chile

Visa-free

Visa-free

7

Colombia

Visa-free

Visa-free

8

Curacao

Visa-free

Visa-free

9

Ecuador

Visa-free

Visa-free

10

French Guiana

Visa-free

Visa-free

11

Guyana

Visa-free

Visa-free

12

Peru

Visa-free

Visa-free

13

Suriname

Visa-free

Visa-free

14

Venezuela

Visa-free

Visa-free

Asia

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

Armenia

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

2

Bangladesh

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

3

Cambodia

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

4

❌ Georgia

Visa required

Visa-free

5

Hong Kong

Visa-free

Visa-free

6

❌ Indonesia

Visa required

Visa required

7

Iran

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

8

❌ Israel

Visa-free

Visa required

9

Jordan

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

10

Laos

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

11

❌ Lebanon

Visa required

Visa on arrival

12

Macao

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

13

Malaysia

Visa-free

Visa-free

14

Maldives

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

15

Nepal

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

16

Pakistan

Electronic entry permit

Electronic entry permit

17

Palestinian Territory

Visa-free

Visa-free

18

Philippines

Visa-free

Visa-free

19

❌ Qatar

Visa required

Visa-free

20

Singapore

Visa-free

Visa-free

21

South Korea

Visa-free

Visa-free

22

Sri Lanka

Electronic entry permit

Electronic entry permit

23

❌ Taiwan

Visa-free

Visa required

24

Timor-Leste

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

25

Uzbekistan

Visa-free

Visa-free

Oceania

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

Cook Islands

Visa-free

Visa-free

2

Fiji

Visa-free

Visa-free

3

French Polynesia

Visa-free

Visa-free

4

Kiribati

Visa-free

Visa-free

5

Micronesia

Visa-free

Visa-free

6

New Caledonia

Visa-free

Visa-free

7

Niue

Visa-free

Visa-free

8

Palau

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

9

Samoa

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

10

Solomon Islands

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

11

❌ Tonga

Visa on arrival

Visa required

12

Tuvalu

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

13

Vanuatu

Visa-free

Visa-free

Africa

No.

Entry country

For St Lucia citizens

For Antigua and Barbuda citizens

1

Botswana

Visa-free

Visa-free

2

Burundi

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

3

Cape Verde Islands

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

4

Comoro Islands

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

5

Egypt

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

6

Eswatini

Visa-free

Visa-free

7

Gambia

Visa-free

Visa-free

8

Guinea-Bissau

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

9

❌ Kenya

Visa-free

Visa required

10

Lesotho

Visa-free

Visa-free

11

Madagascar

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

12

Malawi

Visa-free

Visa-free

13

Mauritania

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

14

Mauritius

Visa-free

Visa-free

15

Mayotte

Visa-free

Visa-free

16

Mozambique

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

17

Reunion

Visa-free

Visa-free

18

Rwanda

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

19

Saint Helena

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

20

⚠️ Senegal

Visa-free

Visa on arrival

21

Seychelles

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

22

Sierra Leone

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

23

Somalia

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

24

❌ South Africa

Visa required

Visa-free

25

Tanzania

Visa-free

Visa-free

26

Togo

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

27

❌ Tunisia

Visa-free

Visa-free

28

Uganda

Visa on arrival

Visa on arrival

28

Zambia

Visa-free

Visa-free

29

Zimbabwe

Visa-free

Visa-free

General program conditions. Each program offers four investment options, which differ in their conditions.

Both programs offer two similar options: a contribution to a government fund and buying real estate. The contribution is non-refundable and requires minimum investments. Purchasing a property is a refundable option: an investor can sell investment real estate after 5 years of ownership.

Usually, getting St Lucia’s second passport is faster than Antigua and Barbuda’s. Participation in the St Lucia program takes 3 to 4 months and 3 to 6 months in Antigua and Barbuda.

Caribbean passport comparison: visa-free countries, investments and time frames of citizenship programs of Antigua and Barbuda and St Lucia

Investment options of the Antigua and Barbuda CBI program:

  1. A non-refundable contribution to the National Development Fund is $100,000 for single investors and families of up to five. If the family includes six members or more, the contribution is $125,000. Also, a single investor pays fees of $37,500, and families of up to five members pay $67,000.

  2. Refundable buying of real estate worth at least $200,000. The government of Antigua and Barbuda approves real estate projects for participating in the citizenship program. Thus, investors can’t buy any property but can sell the investment one 5 years after the purchase. Government-approved facilities may be hotels, resorts, and marinas. Associated fees are at least $30,000.

  3. A non-refundable contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund is $150,000. The option is for families of 6 or more only. One family member can study at the university for one year for free.

  4. Business investments are at least $400,000. It’s the least popular option among CBI program participants.

Individual cost calculation of the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship

Individual cost calculation of the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship

Investment options under the St Lucia citizenship program are the following:

  1. A non-refundable contribution to the National Economic Fund is $100,000 for single investors, $140,000 for married couples, and $150,000 for families of up to four. Also, a single investor pays fees of $10,000, and families of up to four members pay $30,000.

  2. Refundable buying of real estate worth at least $200,000. Properties are selected from a list of government-approved projects. Five years after the purchase, the property can be sold. Associated fees are at least $30,000.

  3. Refundable purchase of government bonds implies investments of at least $300,000. The option attracts about 30% of investors because they can return the invested money in 5 years, and there are no maintenance costs and hassles of owning real estate.

  4. Business investments start at $1,000,000. It’s the least popular option among participants of the CBI program.

Terms for relatives. Family members can get second citizenship through a government program with the investor: obtain passports at the same time as the investor or after the investor has got their passport.

Adding relatives after the investor’s participation is more expensive. For example, there is no processing fee for a spouse if they participate in the Antigua and Barbuda program with the investor. On the other hand, the processing fee for the spouse is $50,000 after the investor obtains Antigua and Barbuda passport.

Adult relatives other than the spouse must depend financially on the investor or the spouse.

Age limits for relatives

Family member

Spouse

Unlimited

Unlimited

Family member

Children

Under 30

Under 30

Family member

Parents and grandparents

Over 55

Over 55

Family member

Siblings

No age limit, unmarried

Under 18

Validity of Antigua and Barbuda and St Lucia passports

Program participants get naturalisation certificates and passports. The сertificates are indefinite, but passports must be renewed every 5 or 10 years.

Antigua and Barbuda passports are renewed every 10 years. But CBI program participants can’t renew their passports without proof of visiting the country. Under the program conditions, investors and their adult relatives must take the oath and spend 5 days within the first 5 years in Antigua and Barbuda.

St Lucia passports are renewed every 5 years. Program participants are not required to visit the country and take the oath.

To renew a passport, you submit documents 2 months before the expiration:

  • an expiring passport;

  • a naturalisation certificate;

  • a birth certificate;

  • a certificate of no criminal record;

  • photos for a new passport;

  • receipt of paying the passport fee 一 $1,000 in Antigua and Barbuda and about $100 in St Lucia.

To renew their passport, investors can contact the licensed agent of the program. For example, Immigrant Invest.

Individual cost calculation of the St Lucia Citizenship

Individual cost calculation of the St Lucia Citizenship

Taxes in St Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda or St Lucia residency by investment is an opportunity for passport holders to relocate to the country and change their tax residence. Thus, if you live in a country for at least 183 days a year, you must get a tax ID and become a tax resident.

St Lucia tax rates on income, interest, and royalties are higher than in Antigua and Barbuda. For example, there is no personal income tax in Antigua and Barbuda. The St Lucia personal income tax is levied on the income earned in the country. Income received outside of St Lucia is not taxable.

St Lucia income tax rates are the following:

  • up to EC$18,400 一 0%;

  • EC$18,401 to EC$28,400 一 10%;

  • EC$28,401 to EC$38,400 一 15%;

  • EC$38,401 to EC$48,400 一 20%;

  • EC$48,401 and over 一 30%.

Comparison of taxes in Antigua and Barbuda and St Lucia for individual tax resident

Taxes

Income tax

0%

0 to 30%

Taxes

Tax on dividends, interest, royalties

0%

0% on dividends
10% on interest, royalties

Taxes

Social contributions

5,5%

5%

Taxes

Real estate purchase tax

2,5%

2%

Taxes

Tax for property owners

0.1一0.5%

0,25%

Taxes

Real estate sale tax

7,5%

2.5一5%

How to get Antigua and Barbuda or St Lucia citizenship

There isn’t the easiest Caribbean island to get citizenship by investment, but the procedures of all programs are similar. Due Diligence is the main stage of any citizenship by investment program. Lawyers who work for a particular licensed company prepare investor’s documents for the check and submit them to the CBI unit, program’s department. It is only possible to apply for participation in the program through a licensed agent.

1

1 day

Preliminary Due Diligence

The investor contacts the licensed agent of the program, Immigrant Invest. An Anti‑Money Laundering Officer of the company conducts a preliminary Due Diligence. It’s a mandatory step that allows lawyers to identify rejection risks.

2

2 to 4 weeks

Preparation of documents

The lawyers prepare investor’s documents: collect, translate and notarise them. Also, lawyers fill out government forms and file affidavits. The affidavit helps avoid additional inquiries and clarifications and get through the Due Diligence of the CBI unit faster.

Lawyers submit the application and investor’s documents to the CBI unit of the chosen country.

3

At least 3 months

Due Diligence

The CBI unit conducts Due Diligence of investors and their family members aged over 12 in Antigua and Barbuda and over 16 in St Lucia.

If information about the investor and the relatives is incomplete, the CBI unit makes additional inquiries, which prolongs Due Diligence.

4

Up to 30 days

Investment terms fulfilment

The agent gets approval of the investor’s application from the CBI unit. The applicant fulfils investment conditions within 30 days of the Antigua and Barbuda program and 90 days of the St Lucia’s.

5

Up to 4 weeks

Getting passport

The agent confirms fulfilling the financial conditions of a citizenship program, and then the naturalisation certificates and passports are issued within 4 weeks.

Investors obtain naturalisation certificates and passports at the agent’s office or by delivery service.

6

1 day

Oath of allegiance

Participants of the Antigua and Barbuda program take the oath of allegiance. Investors can visit the state, or the procedure can take place by videoconference or at the nearest national consulate.

St Lucia program participants don’t have to take the oath and visit the country.

Which island is better: Antigua or St Lucia

Investors with second passports can have residency in St Lucia or Antigua and Barbuda; for example, they buy villas to live near the warm sea and enjoy good service and quality medicine. St Lucia is also acknowledged as one of the safest countries in the Caribbean.

+28℃

Minimal water and air temperatures in the Caribbean

Investors’ children can study at international schools and major universities; for example, the University of the West Indies is one of the most popular ones in the Caribbean. Its campuses operate in Antigua and Barbuda, St Lucia and three more countries.

There are two-hour flights from St Lucia to Antigua, excluding the transfer time in Barbados

St Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda are members of CARICOM, a commonwealth of 15 Caribbean states. If you have a St Lucia or Antigua and Barbuda passport, you can live, study, and work in these 15 countries without a special residence permit.

Caribbean states of CARICOM:

  1. Antigua and Barbuda.

  2. The Bahamas.

  3. Barbados.

  4. Belize.

  5. Dominica.

  6. Grenada.

  7. Guyana.

  8. Haiti.

  9. Jamaica.

  10. Montserrat.

  11. St Kitts and Nevis.

  12. St Lucia.

  13. St Vincent and the Grenadines.

  14. Suriname.

  15. Trinidad and Tobago.

Checklist for investors who decide to obtain Antigua and Barbuda or St Lucia passports

Passports of both countries allow investors to visit the same popular destinations visa‑free, so we recommend choosing the program by cost.

  1. If you are a single investor ready to contribute non-refundably, choose St Lucia’s program: the cost will be approximately $110,000 against $138,100 for Antigua and Barbuda citizenship.

  2. If you are an investor with a family of 4 or 5, choose Antigua and Barbuda’s program with a non-refundable contribution to a state fund 一 the costs will be minimal.

  3. If your family includes 6 or more members, choose Antigua and Barbuda’s program with a non-refundable contribution to the university fund 一 the costs will be minimal.

  4. If you plan to come to the country of second citizenship for vacation, choose to buy real estate. Usually, real estate purchasing is buying a share in a hotel. You will be able to stay at the hotel for 1 to 2 weeks a year for free.

  5. If you want to refund the investment, choose buying state bonds under St Lucia’s program. You can return invested money in 5 years, and there are no maintenance costs and hassles of owning real estate.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent for citizenship and residence by investment programs in the EU, the Caribbean, Asia, and the Middle East. Take advantage of our global 15-year expertise — schedule a meeting with our investment programs experts.

Download the guide of comparison of the Caribbean and Vanuatu programs

Practical Guide

Download the guide of comparison of the Caribbean and Vanuatu programs

Frequently asked questions

  • Where can I go in the Caribbean without a passport?

    You can visit any country of CARICOM, a commonwealth of 15 Caribbean states. This commonwealth is similar to the European Union 一 there is no passport control on the borders, and a single national currency is in all 15 countries.

  • Which is a better country 一 Antigua or St Lucia?

    Both countries are similar in climate and quality of life. Their passports allow the holders to travel visa-free to at least 140 identical destinations, including the Schengen Area and the UK. Citizens of Antigua and Barbuda and St Lucia can get B‑1/B‑2 visitor visas to the US.

    But the conditions of their citizenship programs by investment are different. Thus, investors choose the passport according to their goals.

  • Which Caribbean country is the easiest to get citizenship?

    Five Caribbean countries have citizenship programs for investors, and St Lucia’s program is one of the easiest. Due Diligence is faster, and program participants don’t have to take the oath and visit the country.

  • How much are property taxes in Antigua and Barbuda?

    A property owner pays a tax of 0.1 to 0,5% in Antigua and Barbuda. Real estate buyers pay a tax of 2,5% of the transaction value. Sellers pay a 7,5% tax.

  • How to get St Lucia residency?

    You can get a St Lucia residence permit for studying, working in the country or through marriage. Wealthy people participate in St Lucia’s citizenship program and obtain a passport of the country by investing at least $100,000.

    Investors can live, do business, and work in the country for an unlimited time.