Second citizenship

Antigua and Barbuda citizens’ rights and obligations

Investors obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship to travel around the world visa-free, optimise taxes and create a “safe haven” abroad. The period to get a passport is within 3 to 6 months, and investments start from $100,000.

The investor doesn't have to permanently live in Antigua and Barbuda before or after becoming a citizen. But to maintain their status, they need to visit the country once and comply with the citizenship program conditions.

Learn more about the rights and duties that arise with obtaining Antigua and Barbuda passport.

Antigua and Barbuda passport: citizen’s rights and duties

Antigua and Barbuda citizen’s rights and benefits

The investor gets new opportunities for travelling, doing business and improving the quality of the family’s life with Antigua and Barbuda citizenship.

Visa-free entry to the Schengen countries and the UK. The Antigua and Barbuda citizen can enter freely and stay in:

  • the Schengen Arearn— 90 days in half a year;
  • the UK — 180 consecutive days;
  • Singapore — 30 consecutive days;
  • Hong Kong — 90 consecutive days.

The Antigua and Barbuda passport provides free entry to 150 countries: 119 countries don't require a visa and 31 countries issue visas at an airport upon entry.

US tourist visa for 10 years. The Antigua and Barbuda citizen can get a B-1/B-2 visa to the United States. The visa allows stay in the country up to 180 days a year. The visa is issued for business travel, tourism or medical treatment in the USA. However, the visa holder cannot work, do business, study at school or university with a B-1/B-2 visa.

Retaining of other citizenships. The Antiguan legislation allows the country's citizens to have passports of other states. So if the first citizenship country allows having a second citizenship, then its citizens don't have to give up their first passport when getting the Antiguan one.

Please note that in some countries, one needs to notify the migration service about obtaining a second citizenship.

Study at British universities on preferential terms. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It unites Great Britain and its former colonies. Citizens of the Commonwealth countries can get scholarships and grants to study at British universities. 

The Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the UK accepts applications from future students. Grants are given to pay for travel, tuition, books, equipment, and accommodation. The list of scholarship programs is published on the Scholarship Commission’s website.

Free education at the University of the West Indies. If the investor contributes to the University of the West Indies Fund, one of their family members can get a year of free study at the university.

The University of the West Indies has over 400 education programs, including management, finance, law, economics, psychology, social sciences and sports.

Citizenship for family members. The citizenship application can include:

  • a spouse;
  • children under 30;
  • spouses’ parents over 55;
  • spouses’ unmarried siblings.

Family members can get citizenship simultaneously with the investor or ex-post. If the investor has already obtained the passport, they still can add to the program:

  • an investor or their child’s spouse;
  • spouses’ parents;
  • minor children;
  • investor’s minor grandchildren whose parents received citizenship under the program.

Other relatives can only be included in the initial application together with the investor.

Fee for adding relatives to the CBI program

Investor’s future spouse$50,000 
Future spouses of investor’s children$50,000
Spouses’ parents$50,000
Investor’s children and grandchildren up to 5 years old$10,000
Investor’s children and grandchildren of 6 from 17 years old$20,000

Tax optimization. Antigua and Barbuda tax residents and non-residents pay taxes differently. Citizenship does not automatically grant tax residency. To become a tax resident, a citizen needs to live in the country for at least 183 days a year.

Antigua and Barbuda doesn’t have taxes on personal and global income, capital gains and inheritance. In this case, the rule applies to both tax residents and non-residents.

The withholding tax is levied at 25% when dividends, interest on deposits and royalties are paid to non-residents. Residents are exempt from paying the tax. Therefore, registering a company in Antigua and Barbuda and becoming a tax resident can help reduce the tax burden.

If a company is registered in Antigua and Barbuda, it pays the corporate tax on profits gained in the country and abroad at 25%. Social contributions from wages are 6%.

Opening accounts in European banks. If a foreigner wants to open an account in a European bank, they must pass Customer Due Diligence. In addition, the applicant provides proof of income sources, place of work and residence.

Antigua and Barbuda citizens pass Due Diligence a little easier than citizens of some other countries. The Antiguans are not so strictly checked, and they are less likely to be refused.

Duties of Antigua and Barbuda passport holders

Obtaining Antigua and Barbuda citizenship doesn’t impose strict obligations. For example, the investor does not need to live in the country, become a tax resident or serve in the military. But some obligations still arise.

Taking an oath after approval of the citizenship application is a mandatory procedure. The new Antigua and Barbuda citizens swear allegiance to the Queen of Great Britain. The country gained independence in 1981, but the British monarch remained the formal head of state.

The oath can be taken remotely, and it is not necessary to go to Antigua and Barbuda. In this case, the investor takes the oath at a country's embassy or consulate or via videoconference in the presence of a notary.

The oath of an Antigua and Barbuda citizen

I, [Name], do swear (or solemnly affirm) that I will faithfully bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, Her Heirs and Successors, according to Law. So help me God (To be omitted)

Spending five days in Antigua and Barbuda during the first five years of citizenship is mandatory for investors.

The first passport is valid for five years. After that, the investor doesn't need to come to the country to get it: a passport and naturalisation certificate are sent by courier.

During the validity period of the first passport, the investor must come to Antigua and Barbuda and stay in the country for at least five days. It is a prerequisite for the CBI program. If the investor doesn't fulfil it, they won't maintain their citizenship and get a new passport.

Renewing the passport promptly. For the first time, investors renew their passports after 5 years. After that, each subsequent passport is valid for 10 years.

The state fee for passport renewal is $1,000 for an adult and $500 for a minor under 18. The investor can renew the passport remotely; it is unnecessary to come to the country. Immigrant Invest helps to collect documents and get a new passport in time.

Paying taxes on income earned in Antigua and Barbuda. If the investor is a tax resident of another country, he may be required to pay taxes on income earned in Antigua and Barbuda. The rules for paying taxes depend on the country's legislation of tax residence.

How to get Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment

The citizenship is obtained through a licensed agent of the government citizenship by investment (CBI) program. The procedure is remote: it is unnecessary to visit Antigua and Barbuda to get a passport.

9 out of 10 investors
chose to contribute to the National Transformation Fund in 2021

The CBI program offers four investment options:

  1. From $100,000 — a non-refundable contribution to the National Transformation Fund (NDF).
  2. From $150,000 — a non-refundable contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund. The option is available for families of 6 or more people. In addition, one of the family members can study at the university in Antigua and Barbuda for free for a year.
  3. From $200,000 — a purchase of hotel real estate from the list of government-approved projects. The investor can buy a share in the project. Then, after 5 years of ownership, the investor can sell the property.
  4. From $1,500,000 — to opening or purchase of a business.

The investment amount depends on the number of family members included in the application. The investor's spouse, children under 30, parents over 55 and unmarried siblings can obtain citizenship. All relatives except the spouse must be financially dependent on the main applicant.

In addition, the applicant pays Due Diligence, processing and passport fees.

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship cost for a family of four: spouses and children aged 13 and 20

Expense itemContributionReal estate purchase
Investment$100,000 $200,000 
State fee$30,000 $30,000 
Due Diligence$21,000 $21,000
Other fees$2,400 $2,400 
Total$153,400 $253,400 

The procedure for obtaining Antigua and Barbuda citizenship takes three to six months. The longest stage is the government’s Due Diligence.

Immigrant Invest conducts preliminary Due Diligence before signing an agreement with an investor. The check helps reduce the risk of application rejection to 1%.

Frequently asked questions

What are the benefits of the Antigua and Barbuda passport?

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship allows one to enter the Schengen countries, the UK, Hong Kong and Singapore without a visa. In total, Antigua and Barbuda citizens can visit 150 countries freely: 119 countries allow visa-free entry, and 31 countries issue visas upon entry.

Antigua and Barbuda citizens get a B-1/B-2 tourist visa to the USA for 10 years. The visa gives the right to stay in the country for 180 days a year.

Investors with Antigua and Barbuda citizenship can optimise taxes. They transfer the business to the local jurisdiction and become the country’s tax residents.

Can I buy an Antigua and Barbuda passport?

The passport cannot be bought but can be obtained by investment. The Antigua and Barbuda citizenship program offers four investment options:

  • arnnon-refundable contribution to the National Transformation Fund (NDF) of at least $100,000;
  • arnnon-refundable contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund for a family of 6 or more people of at least $150,000;
  • purchase of real estate from the government-approved list for at least $200,000;
  • investments in business projects from the government-approved list of at least $1,500,000.

The investment amount depends on the investor’s family composition. Get an individual cost calculation for your family.

How to obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship?

Investors get Antigua and Barbuda citizenship in 3 to 6 months. The main steps for obtaining citizenship by investment are:

  1. Pass a preliminary and confidential Due Diligence. If there is a risk of rejection, we will find alternative solutions. Preliminary Due Diligence is free of charge.
  2. Conclude an agreement with a licensed agent of the Antigua and Barbuda CBI program. Immigrant Invest is a licensed program agent.
  3. Collect documents. Immigrant Invest lawyers help collect documents for citizenship, translate them into English, and notarise and fill out forms.
  4. Pass Due Diligence conducted by the Antigua and Barbuda CBI unit.
  5. Take an oath and receive citizenship documents. Then, Immigrant Invest lawyers hand over passports and certificates of naturalisation to the investors and their families at a company’s office or deliver them by courier service.
What are the pros and cons of Antigua and Barbuda citizenship?

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment opens up new business opportunities, travel worldwide, and tax optimisation

Advantages of Antigua and Barbuda citizenship include:

  • visa-free entry to 150 countries;
  • long-term visas to the USA;
  • opening accounts in European banks;
  • retaining the first citizenship;
  • no taxes on personal income, global income, capital gains and inheritance.

Disadvantages of Antigua and Barbuda citizenship are:

  • citizenship cannot be inherited;
  • no visa-free entry to China;
  • the E-2 business visa to the USA is unavailable.
Antigua and Barbuda citizens’ rights and obligations

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