October 26, 2021
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How Residential Rental Prices Have Changed In The EU In 10 Years

Residential property rental prices in the EU have risen by an average of 16% between 2011 and 2021. The data was published by Eurostat.

Julia Loko
Julia Loko

Investment programs expert

Rental property in Europe

How Residential Rental Prices Have Changed In The EU In 10 Years

Rental values in the region have risen steadily since 2010, even in the face of a protracted crisis and pandemic.

Rental prices have risen in 25 EU countries. Particularly high prices have risen in Estonia (142%), Lithuania (109%) and Norway (68%).

In Cyprus and Greece prices have decreased — 3% and 25% respectively.

The average rental price for a three-bedroom apartment with three bedrooms in 2021 is €1,600 per month. At the same time in Estonia, which has seen the highest increase in rental prices, to pay for such apartments will be about €900. And in Greece, where prices have fallen, it is €720.


Average rent for a three-bedroom apartment

Buying prices are rising faster than rents

In 2010 and 2011 the property sales market and the rental market grew and developed in parallel. In 2011, the property sales market was affected by the European debt crisis. The house price index turned negative and reached ‑4% in 2012.

By 2015, the situation had stabilised: EU housing purchase prices had started to rise. The growth is stable and continues. In 2020, the house price index was +4.6%.

Over the past 10 years, property purchase prices have risen twice as fast as rental prices. If we compare housing prices in 2010 with those in June 2021, the difference is +34.4%.

Property prices have risen the most in Iceland and Estonia. And in Spain, Greece and Cyprus, housing prices have fallen.


Unlike the property purchase market, the rental market was not affected by the 2010 crisis.

Source: Eurostat, 2021

How the price of renting and buying housing has changed in countries with investment programmes

In Austria, Portugal and Malta, the cost of renting and buying property has also increased. For investors, this means they are buying a liquid asset and will be able to recoup their investment.

In Austria, it is difficult to buy a house: you have to live in the country for at least three years. In Malta and Portugal, foreigners buy property on the same terms as locals.

Increase in housing rental and purchase prices over 10 years in countries with investment programmes


Price changes between 2010 and the second quarter of 2021





















Together with the purchase of property in Malta and Portugal, foreigners can obtain a residence permit for themselves and family members. To do so, you must become a participant in an investment programme.

To obtain a residence permit in Malta, an investor must choose a property worth at least €220,000, for a permanent residence permit at least €300,000. In order to obtain a "golden visa" in Portugal, at least €350,000 must be invested.

Real estate can be rented out: rental income for apartments in Portugal ranges from 2 to 5% per annum in the high season — up to 9%. Returns on properties in Malta range from 3 to 6%.

Investments in real estate can be fully repaid in 5 years or sooner.

Properties can be rented out: rental yields for apartments in Portugal range from 2 to 5% per annum, up to 9% in high season. Returns on properties in Malta range from 3 to 6%.

Investments in real estate can be fully repaid in 5 years or sooner.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent for investment programmes in European countries. If you want to buy a property and travel freely within the Schengen area, seek advice from experts in investment programmes.