Citizenship
April 4, 2024
Reading Time: 12 min

How to get Portugal citizenship by investment: options, requirements, and timeline

Portugal offers a residency by investment program known as the Golden Visa, but it does not automatically grant citizenship. However, after holding residency for 5 years, individuals may become eligible to apply for Portuguese citizenship through naturalisation.

Portuguese citizens enjoy a wide range of benefits, such as visa-free access to more than 170 countries, a high quality of life at relatively low prices, a warm climate, comfortable conditions for expats, and a high safety level.

Alina Mishurenko
Alina Mishurenko

Knows everything about getting Portugal citizenship

How to get a Portugal passport by investment in 2024

How to get Portugal citizenship by investment: options, requirements, and timeline

Portugal citizenship overview

Acquiring Portugal citizenship provides individuals access to various rights, freedoms, and opportunities within Portugal, the EU, and internationally.

Residing in the country. The applicant for naturalisation must have legally resided in Portugal for a certain period. The duration can vary depending on the circumstances, but it’s at least five years in most cases.

When a person may apply for Portugal citizenship:

  • anytime — citizenship by origin or birth;

  • after 3 years of marriage — citizenship by marriage;

  • after 5 years from submitting documents for a residence permit — citizenship by naturalisation.

There are several ways for wealthy foreigners to get a residence permit in Portugal to qualify for citizenship by naturalisation; some of the most popular are residence by investment under the Golden Visa Program and the D7 visa.

Language proficiency. You may need to demonstrate proficiency in the Portuguese language. This requirement can be fulfilled through a language test.

Clean criminal record. You must have a clean criminal record, meaning you haven’t committed any serious crimes.

Portugal allows dual citizenship. If the applicant’s country of origin does not prohibit having a second passport, a person doesn’t have to give up their original citizenship to acquire a Portuguese passport.

How to get Portugal citizenship by naturalisation after a Golden Visa

An application for Portugal citizenship can be submitted after 5 years of holding a residence permit. This applies to those who legally study or work in Portugal and to wealthy people who have got a residence permit by investment under the Golden Visa program.

The Portugal Golden Visa Program best suits investors ready to contribute substantially to the country’s economy. The initial investment may be returnable in 5 years.

There are different investment options:

  • €250,000+ in the culture, art or reconstruction of the national heritage;

  • €500,000+ in fund shares;

  • €500,000+ in research programs;

  • €500,000+ in a business with the creation of at least 5 jobs;

  • in a business with the creation of at least 10 jobs.

The investor will also need to pay mandatory fees. These include the application fee, medical insurance, the residence permit card issuance fee, and fees and commissions related to bank account maintenance.

Under some of the investment options, other taxes and commissions may apply, i.e. under the fund share option.

Under the Golden Visa Program, a Portugal residence permit is available to investors and their close relatives, such as spouses, children, and elderly parents.

It usually takes 8—10 months to obtain Portuguese residence by investment, provided the applicant has legal support helping them through the process.

The status must be renewed every 2 years. The investor must spend 7 days a year in Portugal to maintain their status.

Individual cost calculation of the residence permit in Portugal

Individual cost calculation of the residence permit in Portugal

How to get Portugal citizenship by naturalisation after a D visa

The most common ways for wealthy adults and entrepreneurs to get residence permits in Portugal are the D7, D8, startup, and other national D visas.

To obtain Portuguese citizenship by naturalisation, the visa D holders must:

  1. Obtain a Portugal residence permit.

  2. Maintain the status for 5 years, observe the conditions for the mandatory periods of stay in the country, and renew the residence permit card every 2 years.

  3. After five years, apply for Portuguese citizenship by naturalisation.

The D7 Visa is suitable for individuals with a stable passive income. Foreigners obtain a D7 Visa if they receive dividends, interest, royalties, pensions, and rentals.

The minimum required income depends on the minimum wage in Portugal. In 2024, this is €820 per month. Income requirements also vary depending on the number of dependents the applicant wishes to include, as follows:

  • main applicant — 100% of the minimum wage: €820 per month or €9,840 per year;

  • spouse or parents of the main applicant — 50% of the minimum wage per person: €410 per month or €4,920 per year;

  • dependent children — 30% of the minimum wage per person: €245 per month or €2,940 per year.

A D7 visa holder must spend at least 1.5 years in a row or 16 months in total for 2 years to maintain the status.

Another requirement directly follows from the need to live in the country: the applicant must rent or buy housing where they and their family will live.

The D8 visa, also known as the Digital Nomad Visa, is issued to freelancers, remote employees of foreign companies, self-employed, and individual entrepreneurs.

Digital Nomad Visa applicants confirm a monthly income of at least €3,280. They also need to buy or rent residential properties in Portugal.

The Digital Nomad Visa gives the right to get a Portugal residence permit for 2 years with the opportunity to renew the status. Digital nomads must reside in the country to keep their permits.

The Startup Visa is intended for entrepreneurs launching innovative projects in Portugal. To get a visa, one should:

  • apply to an agency which funds programmes for entrepreneurs — the IAPMEI;

  • present an innovative business project and open a startup in collaboration with a Portuguese business incubator.

A Startup Visa leads to getting a Portugal residence permit. The first card is issued for two years and can be renewed for three years. Relatives may obtain residency for family reunification.

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3 more ways to become a Portuguese citizen

Portugal citizenship by marriage. Spouses of Portuguese citizens can apply for citizenship after 3 years of marriage. Portugal recognises unregistered marriages, so proven non-marital partnership also counts.

Portugal citizenship by origin. Several categories of persons can apply for citizenship in Portugal at any time. For example, citizenship can be obtained by people, at least one of whose grandparents is a citizen of Portugal.

Sephardic Jews are a separate category. Direct descendants of Sephardic Jews expelled from Portugal and Spain in the 15th century may qualify for Portuguese or Spanish citizenship by descent.

Portugal citizenship by birth. Anyone born in Portugal gets Portugal citizenship automatically if at least one parent is a Portuguese citizen. Even persons born outside of Portugal are eligible to get citizenship if one of the parents is a Portuguese citizen and the child was registered at a Portuguese consulate.

Children of Portugal resident permit holders also get citizenship by birth. In this case, it does not matter how long the parents lived in Portugal.

If the child was born in Portugal and the parents are foreigners who do not hold a residence permit, they can still get citizenship if at least one of the parents has lived in Portugal for a year.

Eligibility criteria and documents to obtain Portugal citizenship by naturalisation

To be eligible for applying for citizenship, the applicant must fulfil several Portugal citizenship requirements:

  1. Resident status for at least 5 years.

  2. No criminal record.

  3. 18+ years old.

  4. Portuguese language knowledge certificate, confirming A2 level.

  5. Not a threat to national security.

As a general rule, citizenship can be obtained from 18. Minor children of the investor can also obtain Portuguese citizenship if their parents have held resident status for at least 5 years.

Children under 12 do not have to take a language proficiency test. Children over 12 who study the language at school may also not take the exam.

Required documents for applying for citizenship in Portugal:

  • an application form filled out in Portuguese;

  • two identical passport photographs, in colour, with a blank background, updated and in favourable conditions for identification. In case the registration is to be carried out at the AIMAl office in Odivelas, Aveiro or Braga;

  • valid passport or certified copy;

  • evidence of stable and regular resources sufficient for the investor’s own existence and their relatives;

  • supporting documents for accommodation in Portugal, if applicable;

  • certificate of no criminal record from the country of origin and the country where the applicant has lived continuously for more than 1 year;

  • residence permit for at least five years;

  • proof of knowledge of basic Portuguese.

There is no need to confirm that the applicant has no criminal record in Portugal. This information will be automatically provided to the Migration Service by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Portugal.

How long it takes to obtain Portugal citizenship

After the residence permit has been maintained for 5 years, one may apply for a permanent residence permit in Portugal or directly for Portugal citizenship. The naturalisation period for Golden Visa holders starts when they pay the government fee during the application process.

Obtaining Portugal citizenship typically takes 7—12 months. The application can be made at different places upon the applicant’s choice:

  • the registry office at the place of residence;

  • the offices of the National Center for the Integration of Immigrants in Lisbon and Porto;

  • the registration centres of the Institute of State Registration and Notaries;

  • consulates and representations of Portugal all over the world;

  • by mail to the Central Registry Office.

If not all the necessary documents have been provided at once, the Central Registry Office will request the missing documents. The applicant has 20 days to complete the application.

How to obtain Portugal citizenship after a Golden Visa: a step-by-step application process

The procedure for obtaining citizenship after a Portugal Golden Visa consists of 8 mandatory steps, which imply an obligatory visit to the country. For the most successful, quick and smooth result, it is recommended to enlist high-quality legal support.

1

1 day

Preliminary Due Diligence

The check is obligatory, and Immigrant Invest signs the contract with an investor only after conducting the Due Diligence.

During it, our lawyers check the investor against international databases and on the Internet. This procedure helps to decrease the risk of visa refusal to 1%.

The preliminary Due Diligence is confidential, and the investor only provides their passport.

2

1—2 weeks

Obtaining a tax number

To be able to invest, the applicant must obtain a Portuguese tax number — Número de Identificação Fiscal, or NIF. Opening a bank account in the country is required to help ease many other transactions.

Immigrant Invest accompanies the investor during the process of obtaining a tax number.

3

1—1.5 months

Opening of a bank account

Under the Golden Visa Program, the investment is made from a Portuguese bank account. Immigrant Invest lawyers help investors open and activate an account.

4

2—3 weeks

Investing

When the bank account is ready, the investor transfers the required money and invests. To prove the investment, lawyers collect supporting documents.

5

5—6 months

Collecting documents

The lawyers provide the investor with a list of documents they should prepare. The required papers depend on the applicant’s situation.

When the documents are collected, lawyers fill out government forms and notarise and translate the papers provided. They also send electronic copies of documents to the AIMA, Agency for Integration, Migrations and Asylum of Portugal.

6

1—2 weeks

Submitting biometrics

While previous steps can be made remotely, the investor and their family members must visit Portugal to have their fingerprints taken. The appointment for the procedure is booked online in advance.

7

6—8 months

Getting residence permit cards

The consideration of the application can take up to 8 months from submitting documents and biometrics.

When a favourable decision is made, the investor pays fees for issuing residence permit cards for all family members and waits up to two weeks to obtain them.

The cards can be collected personally by the investor or the lawyer by proxy.

8

5 years

Applying for citizenship

Holders of the Golden Visas in Portugal can apply for citizenship after five years of being a temporary resident. Golden Visa holders must pass a Portuguese language proficiency exam to get a passport.

5 benefits of Portugal citizenship

1. Obtaining citizenship without permanent residence. The investor does not need to reside permanently in Portugal to obtain citizenship.

A holder of a residence permit obtained under the Golden Visa Program must spend only 7 days a year in the country to be eligible to apply for citizenship in five years.

A D7 visa holder must spend 1.5 years in a row or 16 months in total for 2 years.

2. High return on investment. Some Golden Visa investment options allow the investor to return the investment after 5 years and even benefit from it.

3. Access to social services. Citizens have access to Portugal’s comprehensive social welfare system, including healthcare, education, and social security benefits.

4. The ratio of price and standard of living. Portugal is known for its high living standards. In the Legatum Prosperity Index, Portugal is ranked 26th out of 167 countries.

However, Portugal remains one of the cheapest countries in the EU. Portugal ranks 29th out of 43 in the price ranking in European countries — compared to neighbouring Spain, prices are lower on average by 12,7%.

5. 172 countries are available visa-free. Portuguese passport holders enjoy access to countries worldwide, including the Schengen Area states and Canada.

Portugal investment citizenship

As a member of the EU, Portugal grants their citizens EU citizenship. It provides the passport holders with the right to live, work, and study in any of the EU member states

Visa-free countries with a Portuguese passport

The list of 172 visa-free countries for Portuguese citizens includes states that allow Portuguese passport holders entry without a visa, visa upon arrival, or eTA visa.

The states that issue a visa on arrival or online are included in the list because to visit them, Portuguese citizens do not have to go to the consulate, queue up, or make appointments, that is, handle all the visa hassles people want to avoid so much.

Visa-free, visa-on-arrival and eTA countries for citizens of Portugal

Europe

No

Country

Entry conditions

Duration of stay

1

Albania

Visa-free

90 days

2

Andorra

Visa-free

90 days

3

Armenia

Visa-free

180 days

4

Austria

Visa-free

90 days

5

Belarus

Visa-free

30 days

6

Belgium

Visa-free

90 days

7

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Visa-free

90 days

8

Bulgaria

Visa-free

90 days

9

Croatia

Visa-free

90 days

10

Cyprus

Visa-free

90 days

11

Czech Republic

Visa-free

90 days

12

Denmark

Visa-free

90 days

13

Estonia

Visa-free

90 days

14

Finland

Visa-free

90 days

15

France

Visa-free

90 days

16

Georgia

Visa-free

1 year

17

Germany

Visa-free

90 days

18

Greece

Visa-free

90 days

19

Hungary

Visa-free

90 days

20

Iceland

Visa-free

90 days

21

Ireland

Visa-free

3 months

22

Italy

Visa-free

90 days

23

Latvia

Visa-free

90 days

24

Liechtenstein

Visa-free

3 months

25

Lithuania

Visa-free

90 days

26

Luxembourg

Visa-free

90 days

27

Malta

Visa-free

90 days

28

Moldova

Visa-free

90 days

29

Monaco

Visa-free

90 days

30

Montenegro

Visa-free

90 days

31

Netherlands

Visa-free

90 days

32

North Macedonia

Visa-free

3 months

33

Norway

Visa-free

3 months

34

Poland

Visa-free

90 days

35

Romania

Visa-free

3 months

36

Russia

eTA

16 days

37

San Marino

Visa-free

90 days

38

Serbia

Visa-free

90 days

39

Slovakia

Visa-free

90 days

40

Slovenia

Visa-free

90 days

41

Spain

Visa-free

90 days

42

Sweden

Visa-free

90 days

43

Switzerland

Visa-free

90 days

44

Turkey

Visa-free

90 days

45

Ukraine

Visa-free

90 days

46

United Kingdom

Visa-free

180 days

Oceania

1

Australia

eTA

90 days

2

Fiji

Visa-free

120 days

3

Kiribati

Visa-free

120 days

4

Marshall Islands

Visa-free

90 days

5

Micronesia

Visa-free

90 days

6

New Zealand

eTA

3 months

7

Palau Islands

Visa-free

90 days

8

Papua New Guinea

eTA

60 days

9

Samoa

Visa-free

90 days

10

Solomon Islands

Visa-free

90 days

11

Tonga

Visa-free

90 days

12

Tuvalu

Visa-free

90 days

13

Vanuatu

Visa-free

90 days

Middle East

1

Bahrain

Visa on arrival

2 weeks

2

Iran

eTA

30 days

3

Iraq

Visa on arrival

30 days

4

Israel

Visa-free

90 days

5

Jordan

Visa on arrival

6 months

6

Kuwait

Visa on arrival

90 days

7

Lebanon

Visa on arrival

1 month

8

Oman

Visa on arrival

14 days

9

Pakistan

eTA

90 days

10

Qatar

Visa on arrival

60 days

11

Saudi Arabia

Visa on arrival

3 months

12

United Arab Emirates

Visa-free

90 days

Caribbean

1

Antigua and Barbuda

Visa-free

180 days

2

Bahamas

Visa-free

90 days

3

Barbados

Visa-free

90 days

4

Dominica

Visa-free

180 days

5

Dominican Republic

Visa-free

30 days

6

Grenada

Visa-free

90 days

7

Haiti

Visa-free

90 days

8

Jamaica

Visa-free

30 days

9

St Kitts and Nevis

Visa-free

90 days

10

St Lucia

Visa-free

90 days

11

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Visa-free

90 days

12

Trinidad and Tobago

Visa-free

90 days

Asia

1

Azerbaijan

eTA

30 days

2

Bangladesh

Visa on arrival

30 days

3

Bhutan

eTA

90 days

4

Brunei

Visa-free

90 days

5

Cambodia

Visa on arrival

30 days

6

India

eTA

180 days

7

Indonesia

Visa on arrival

30 days

8

Japan

Visa-free

90 days

9

Kazakhstan

Visa-free

30 days

10

Kyrgyzstan

Visa-free

60 days

11

Laos

Visa on arrival

30 days

12

Malaysia

Visa-free

90 days

13

Maldives

Visa on arrival

30 days

14

Mongolia

Visa-free

30 days

15

Myanmar (Burma)

eTA

28 days

16

Nepal

Visa on arrival

90 days

17

Philippines

Visa-free

30 days

18

Singapore

Visa-free

90 days

19

South Korea

eTA

90 days

20

Sri Lanka

eTA

30 days

21

Tajikistan

Visa-free

30 days

22

Thailand

Visa-free

30 days

23

Timor-Leste

Visa-free

90 days

24

Uzbekistan

Visa-free

30 days

25

Vietnam

eTA

90 days

Americas

1

Argentina

Visa-free

90 days

2

Belize

Visa-free

30 days

3

Bolivia

Visa-free

90 days

4

Brazil

Visa-free

90 days

5

Canada

eTA

6 months

6

Chile

Visa-free

90 days

7

Colombia

Visa-free

90 days

8

Costa Rica

Visa-free

90 days

9

Ecuador

Visa-free

90 days

10

El Salvador

Visa-free

90 days

11

Guatemala

Visa-free

90 days

12

Guyana

Visa-free

90 days

13

Honduras

Visa-free

90 days

14

Mexico

Visa-free

180 days

15

Nicaragua

Visa-free

90 days

16

Panama

Visa-free

90 days

17

Paraguay

Visa-free

90 days

18

Peru

Visa-free

90 days

19

United States

eTA

90 days

20

Uruguay

Visa-free

90 days

21

Venezuela

Visa-free

90 days

Africa

1

Angola

Visa-free

30 days

2

Benin

eTA

30 or 90 days

3

Botswana

Visa-free

90 days

4

Burkina Faso

Visa on arrival

30 days

5

Burundi

Visa on arrival

30 days

6

Cameroon

eTA

90 days

7

Cape Verde Islands

Visa-free

30 days

8

Comoros Islands

Visa on arrival

45 days

9

Congo — Kinshasa

eTA

90 days

10

Côte d’Ivoire

eTA

90 days

11

Djibouti

eTA

90 days

12

Egypt

Visa on arrival

30 days

13

Equatorial Guinea

eTA

90 days

14

Eswatini (Swaziland)

Visa-free

30 days

15

Ethiopia

eTA

3 months

16

Gabon

Visa-free

30 days

17

Gambia

Visa-free

90 days

18

Guinea

eTA

90 days

19

Guinea-Bissau

Visa on arrival

90 days

20

Kenya

eTA

90 days

21

Lesotho

Visa-free

14 days

22

Madagascar

Visa on arrival

90 days

23

Malawi

Visa on arrival

3 months

24

Mauritania

Visa on arrival

n/d

25

Mauritius

Visa-free

90 days

26

Morocco

Visa-free

90 days

27

Mozambique

Visa-free

30 days

28

Namibia

Visa-free

90 days

29

Nigeria

eTA

90 days

30

Rwanda

Visa on arrival

90 days

31

Sao Tome and Principe

Visa-free

15 days

32

Senegal

Visa-free

90 days

33

Seychelles

Visa-free

90 days

34

Sierra Leone

Visa on arrival

1 month

35

Somalia

Visa on arrival

30 days

36

South Africa

Visa-free

90 days

37

South Sudan

eTA

90 days

38

Tanzania

Visa on arrival

3 months

39

Togo

Visa on arrival

7 days

40

Tunisia

Visa-free

90 days

41

Uganda

eTA

90 days

42

Zambia

Visa-free

90 days

43

Zimbabwe

Visa on arrival

90 days

Instead of a conclusion about Portugal citizenship

  1. Obtaining Portugal citizenship by investment is not possible. However, foreigners can go through a multi-step process that involves getting a residence permit through programs like the Golden Visa, D7, or D8 visas and then fulfilling specific requirements over five years to obtain a passport.

  2. The Golden Visa Program allows one to obtain residency by investing in funds or other qualifying options; it doesn’t automatically grant citizenship. However, after holding residency for five years and meeting the necessary criteria, individuals may become eligible to apply for Portuguese citizenship by naturalisation.

  3. Portugal citizenship offers numerous benefits, including visa-free access to over 170 countries, a high quality of life at relatively low costs, a warm climate, comfortable conditions for expats, and a high level of safety.

  4. The citizenship application process typically takes 7—12 months. It involves submitting various documents and meeting specific requirements, such as having a clean criminal record, knowledge of the Portuguese language, and stable financial resources.

  5. Overall, Portugal offers several pathways to citizenship, including citizenship by naturalisation, marriage, origin, or birth. Each pathway has its own set of requirements and conditions, providing flexibility for individuals seeking Portugal citizenship.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent for citizenship and residence by investment programs in the EU, the Caribbean, Asia, and the Middle East. Take advantage of our global 15-year expertise — schedule a meeting with our investment programs experts.

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Frequently asked questions

  • How to get Portuguese citizenship?

    Obtaining Portuguese citizenship can be achieved through several pathways, each with its own set of requirements. Here are the main ways to acquire Portuguese citizenship:

    • citizenship by birth, if you were born in Portugal and at least one of your parents is also a Portuguese citizen;

    • citizenship by marriage if you are married to a Portuguese citizen and meet certain residency requirements;

    • citizenship by naturalisation. This pathway is available to individuals who have legally resided in Portugal for 5 years and meet specific criteria.

    Investors who obtain residency through the Portugal Golden Visa Program may apply for citizenship after five years of residency. This typically involves investing in funds or other qualifying investments.

  • How long do I need to live in Portugal to get Portuguese citizenship?

    Individuals who have legally resided in Portugal for an uninterrupted period are eligible to apply for citizenship after at least five years of residency. During this time, applicants must demonstrate integration into Portuguese society, including knowledge of the Portuguese language and adherence to Portuguese customs and values.

  • Can I work in the EU, Canada, and the United States with a Portuguese passport?

    Yes, holding a Portuguese passport grants you certain privileges regarding work and travel in various countries, including the EU. For example, as a citizen of Portugal, which is a member state of the EU, you have the right to work, live, and study in any EU country without needing a work permit.

    Portuguese citizens need special working permits to work in Canada and the US.

  • Can my family get citizenship with me?

    Yes, under certain conditions, your family members can obtain Portuguese citizenship along with you. Here are the main scenarios where family members may be eligible for citizenship:

    • spouse. If you obtain Portuguese citizenship, your spouse can apply for citizenship after being married to you for at least three years. This applies to both heterosexual and same-sex marriages.

    • children. Minor children (under 18 years old) of Portuguese citizens automatically acquire Portuguese citizenship, regardless of where they were born, as long as the parent has custody or parental responsibility. Additionally, children born in Portugal to foreign parents who have legally resided in Portugal for at least one year are eligible for Portuguese citizenship.

    • parents. If you are a minor and acquire Portuguese citizenship, your parents may also be eligible to apply for Portuguese citizenship based on your citizenship status.

    In some cases, other family members may be eligible for citizenship based on their relationship to a Portuguese citizen.

  • How to get a Portugal passport by investment?

    Portugal does not have a direct-by-investment citizenship program. However, by investment, you can get a residence permit under the Golden Visa program and apply for citizenship after 5 years.

  • Does buying a house in Portugal give you citizenship?

    Buying a house in Portugal alone does not grant you citizenship automatically.

  • Can I buy a Portugal passport?

    No, you can’t. There is no Portugal investment citizenship program. However, you can participate in the Portugal Golden Visa program or get a D7 visa in Portugal if you have a proven permanent passive income. Then, you can apply for citizenship after 5 years.

  • How much do I need to invest in Portugal to get residency?

    The minimum investment for participation in the Portugal residency by investment program is €250,000.

  • Does Portugal allow triple citizenship?

    Portugal does not limit the number of citizenships that Portuguese citizens can hold.

  • What is a Golden Visa in Portugal?

    The Portugal Golden Visa Program is a government program that allows wealthy people to obtain a residence permit in Portugal by investing in the Portuguese economy.

  • Does a Portugal Golden Visa lead to citizenship?

    Yes, if you have been a resident of Portugal for 5 years after receiving the Golden Visa, you can apply for citizenship in Portugal.

  • Can foreigners buy property in Portugal?

    Yes, foreigners can buy property in Portugal with relatively few restrictions.

  • Is it worth investing in Portugal?

    Each case is different, but the Portugal Golden Visa Program is one of the most popular residence-by-investment programs due to its relatively low investment required and the opportunity to obtain a beneficial second passport.

  • What are the Portugal Golden Visa changes and updates?

    Reducing of Investment thresholds options. Under the residence permit program in Portugal for investment, 3 options have been abolished, including purchasing real estate, opening a deposit in a bank or acquiring securities.

    The Portuguese government offers investors to obtain a residence permit under the state program, which provides five investment options:

    1. Supporting arts and restoring cultural heritage — $250,000.

    2. Purchase units in investment funds — $500,000.

    3. Sponsor scientific research or cultural projects — $500,000.

    4. Business investments with the creation of at least 5 jobs.

    5. Start a new company and create at least 10 jobs.

    The Non-habitual resident tax status is disabled to apply for after January 1st, 2024. However, those who have already obtained the status will enjoy its benefits until the 10-year term ends.

    SEF is no longer responsible for the application process. Now, applications for residence permits are submitted to the Agency for Integration, Migrations and Asylum of Portugal, AIMAl.