Citizenship
May 15, 2024
Reading Time: 7 min

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship: all options to obtain a Caribbean passport

Foreigners can obtain Antigua and Barbuda passports through various options: birth, marriage, naturalisation, and affiliation.

Investors may acquire Antigua and Barbuda Golden Visas — citizenship by investment. The minimum investment required is $100,000, and the procedure takes at least 6 months.

Among the benefits of the Antigua and Barbuda passport are visa-free travel to over 150 countries and the opportunity to optimise taxes.

Lyle Julien
Lyle Julien

Spoke about the legal features of the Antigua and Barbuda investment program

How to get citizenship by investment in Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship: all options to obtain a Caribbean passport

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship overview

Antigua and Barbuda is a twin-island state with beautiful nature and developed infrastructure. Famous politicians, businesspeople, fashion designers, and other celebrities from around the world spend time or live on the islands in some of the most beautiful residences in the Caribbean.

To obtain citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda, individuals can pursue several avenues, including:

  • citizenship by birth;

  • citizenship by affiliation;

  • citizenship by naturalisation;

  • citizenship by marriage.

Antigua and Barbuda offers a Citizenship by Investment program, also called a “golden visa”, allowing individuals and their families to obtain citizenship in exchange for a significant investment in the country.

The Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship Act regulates all paths to citizenship.

7 key benefits of the Antigua and Barbuda Golden Visa

1. Global mobility. Visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 150+ destinations, including Hong Kong, China, Singapore, the UK, and the Schengen Area.

2. Participation of family members. The citizenship application can include relatives: spouses, children under 30, parents, and siblings.

3. Commonwealth membership. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth, entitling citizens to certain privileges in the UK and other member states. For example, citizens of Antigua and Barbuda can spend up to 180 days a year in the UK visa-free.

4. Plan B. The islands are attractive places to live or to own a safe haven, with excellent air links to North America and Europe.

5. Tax preferences. Antigua and Barbuda does not levy capital gains or real estate taxes, and income generated outside the country is not taxed.

6. CARICOM membership. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Caribbean Community, which includes 15 states. The union has a single market for many of its members, providing investors with attractive business opportunities. Additionally, passport holders may travel to other CARICOM states visa-free.

7. Dual citizenship. Antigua and Barbuda recognises dual citizenship, allowing investors to retain other nationalities unless their other countries require renunciation.

Antigua and Barbuda is home to a diverse population with a rich cultural heritage, offering opportunities for cultural exchange and community engagement

Who can obtain Antigua and Barbuda Golden Visa

Only adult investors with no criminal records can participate in the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship program. Also, there should be no severe illnesses.

The documents prove that investment conditions can be fulfilled only with money. It can be business income, salary, dividends, inheritance, or money from the property sale.

Document requirements list the following:

  1. National passport.

  2. Birth certificate.

  3. Personal reference.

  4. Marriage certificate.

  5. Affidavit of support for each dependent.

  6. Divorce certificate.

  7. Basic application form.

  8. Medical certificate form.

  9. Investment confirmation form.

  10. Photograph and signature certificate form.

  11. Police certificate of no criminal record.

  12. Tax returns and income statements.

Additional documents depend on the investment option. For example, if an investor chooses a property purchase, they provide a sale and purchase contract.

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How to get Antigua and Barbuda citizenship for investor’s family members

The application can include members of the investor’s family:

  • a spouse;

  • children under 30;

  • parents and grandparents over 55;

  • unmarried siblings.

Adult children, parents, and grandparents must be under the full financial support of the investor.

Antigua and Barbuda passports for family members can be obtained even after the investor has become a citizen. It is allowed to join the program: children, parents, and siblings.

Individual cost calculation of the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship

Individual cost calculation of the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship

What to invest in to get an Antigua and Barbuda passport

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship applicants choose from 4 options:

  • $100,000+ as a contribution to the National Development Fund, set to rise up to $200,000 by June 30th, 2024;

  • $150,000+ as a contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund, only for families of 6 or more;

  • $200,000+ as a purchase of real estate;

  • $400,000+ as an investment in a business.

In addition, applicants pay a state processing fee of $30,000 if contributing to the National Development Fund, purchasing real estate or investing in a business.

The option with a contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund is only available to families of 6 people. The government fee for 6 people is already included in the donation. The investor pays an extra $15,000 if there are more family members.

Investments under the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship program

Option

Single investor

Family of 2—4

Family of 5

Family of 6+

Contribution to the National Development Fund

$130,000

$130,000

$155,000

$170,000

+$15,000 per additional applicant

Contribution to the University of West Indies Fund

Not available

Not available

Not available

$150,000

Real estate purchase

$230,000

$230,000

$230,000

$245,000

+$15,000 per additional applicant

Business investments

$430,000+

$430,000+

$430,000+

$430,000+

If an investor buys real estate, the invested money can be returned. Only properties approved for the program are available to investors — they buy shares, apartments, and villas.

Real estate can be sold in 5 years; until then, owners receive 3—8% per year through rent.

Investors can purchase insurance packages to safeguard their investments, with liability insurance and hazard and fire insurance being the most common choices.

The Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment (CBI) Unit notes that throughout the program’s time of operation, investors have shown the most interest in the National Development Fund, with 76% of applicants opting for this route. Real estate investment accounted for 6% of applicants.

Costs and fees for getting Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by real estate purchase

Expenses

Single investor

Married couple

Family of 4+

Real estate purchase

$200,000+

$200,000+

$200,000+

State processing fee

$30,000

$30,000

$30,000

+$15,000 per dependant, starting from the 5th

Due Diligence

7,500

15,000

$15,000 for the spouses

+$2,000 per child aged 12 to 17

+$4,000 per relative over 18

Other fees

$2,060+

$2,360+

$2,960+

Рrocess of obtaining an Antigua and Barbuda Golden Visa

The procedure for obtaining Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment consists of 5 steps and typically takes at least 6 months.

1

1 day

Contacting a licensed agent and preliminary Due Diligence

By law, investor documents must be prepared by a licensed program agent. Submitting the documents yourself is impossible — the application will be refused.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent for the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment program. We have an in-house Compliance Department. A certified Anti-Money Laundering Officer checks the investor’s documents. Verification takes 1—3 days.

Preliminary Due Diligence helps to identify the risk of rejection before the investor spends time and money preparing documents and applying. If we find a problem, we seek a solution — for example, we may offer another program.

Immigrant Invest signs an agreement with the applicant and collects documents only after a preliminary check.

2

3—5 weeks

Collection of documents and applications

The list of documents required for participation in the program depends on the specific situation. Lawyers at Immigrant Invest analyse the investor’s situation and advise on the necessary documents.

3

3—9 months

Due Diligence

The CBI Unit conducts Due Diligence checks. They examine the investor’s and their family’s documents and analyse information about applicants in international databases. Based on the results of the checks, the CBI Unit decides whether to approve the application.

The main applicant and their relatives over 16 undergo an online interview in English.

4

1 month

Fulfilment of the investment condition

When the application is approved, the applicant fulfils the investment condition by contributing to a state fund, purchasing real estate, or investing in a business. This must be done within 30 days.

5

4 weeks

Obtaining a passport and taking an oath

A passport and a naturalisation certificate are issued within 4 weeks and sent to the investor at a convenient address for them. After obtaining a passport, all adult applicants must take an oath.

Participants in the investment program must spend 5 days in Antigua and Barbuda within the first 5 years after obtaining a passport. They can take the oath on the islands during their visit, at the country’s representative office abroad, or online.

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by birth

For children born in Antigua and Barbuda. Before October 31st, 1981, children born in Antigua and Barbuda acquired Antigua and Barbuda citizenship. Those born in the territory of Antigua and Barbuda after October 31st, 1981, also acquired citizenship, except for children born to diplomatic personnel.

For children born outside Antigua and Barbuda. Before October 31st, 1981, people born outside Antigua acquired citizenship if a parent or grandparent was a citizen.

Those born outside Antigua and Barbuda after October 31st, 1981, acquire citizenship if at least one parent was a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda.

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by naturalisation

People residing in Antigua and Barbuda for more than 5 years may apply for naturalisation. Naturalisation in Antigua and Barbuda can be obtained by adult individuals who are of good character and intend to reside in Antigua and Barbuda.

Applicants must submit documents to the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship through the Chief Immigration Officer. They assess the applicant’s risk to public morality and safety, considering factors such as criminal activities or insufficient means.

Upon approval, applicants are required to take an Oath of Allegiance.

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by affiliation and marriage

Affiliation. Under the law, individuals obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by affiliation if:

  • individuals who were Commonwealth citizens who established a permanent residency and had lived in Antigua for a minimum of 7 years before October 31st, 1981;

  • individuals who are Commonwealth citizens have become domiciled in Antigua and Barbuda post-independence and resided in the territory for at least 7 years;

  • individuals who would have become nationals at independence but were ineligible solely because they had to renounce British citizenship to obtain another nationality;

  • minors under 18 who were legally adopted by a national or would have been eligible to be registered as an adoptee while still minors had their parents been nationals.

Marriage. A person who has been married to an Antigua and Barbuda citizen for at least 3 years and is living with their spouse can register to become a citizen.

Citizenship by investment in Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a honeymoon hot spot with gorgeous hotels, white sands, and opportunities for sailing

Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship

Antigua and Barbuda recognises the concept of dual citizenship, allowing individuals to hold citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda while also being citizens of one or more other countries.

Dual citizens of Antigua and Barbuda enjoy the same rights and responsibilities as other citizens, including the right to live, work, and study in the country, as well as access to healthcare and education services.

Dual citizens can freely travel to and from Antigua and Barbuda using either passport. They can also reside in the country without any restrictions imposed solely because of their dual citizenship status and participate in the political process of Antigua and Barbuda, including voting in elections and holding public office.

Antigua and Barbuda dual citizenship

While Antigua and Barbuda allows dual citizenship, some countries may have restrictions or requirements regarding holding several passports at once

Living in Antigua and Barbuda as a citizen

Antigua and Barbuda is renowned for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and lush landscapes. Residents can enjoy a relaxed and picturesque environment, perfect for outdoor activities such as swimming, snorkelling, and sailing.

Warm сlimate. The islands boast a tropical climate with warm temperatures year-round, making it an ideal destination for those who enjoy sunshine and outdoor living. The average temperature ranges from around +24°C in the cooler months to +29°C in the warmer months.

Temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the year due to the islands' proximity to the equator.

Cultural diversity. Antigua and Barbuda’s population is diverse and influenced by African, British, and indigenous cultures. This diversity enriches the local arts, music, cuisine, and traditions, creating a vibrant and dynamic community.

Healthcare. Antigua and Barbuda has healthcare facilities that offer quality medical services. Additionally, the government has been investing in healthcare infrastructure further to improve residents' access and quality of care.

Education. The country has a range of educational institutions, including public and private schools, as well as tertiary education options. Residents have access to quality education and opportunities for further studies abroad.

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment

Antigua and Barbuda is famous for great restaurants to a wide variety of budgets and tastes, from laidback seaside takeaways to chic fine-dining digs

Key points about obtaining Antigua and Barbuda citizenship

  1. To become an Antigua and Barbuda citizen, individuals can pursue several avenues, including citizenship by birth, affiliation, naturalisation, marriage, and citizenship by Investment Program, CIP.

  2. To obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment, applicants have several options, including making a minimum donation of $100,000 and purchasing real estate.

  3. Antigua and Barbuda citizenship brings significant benefits, including visa-free travel to 150+ countries, favourable tax policies, and access to Commonwealth privileges.

  4. Family members can also be included in the golden visa application, expanding the scope of benefits.

  5. The country’s warm climate, cultural diversity, healthcare, and educational opportunities make it an attractive destination for permanent residents.

  6. Antigua and Barbuda permits dual citizenship, allowing individuals to hold citizenship from Antigua and Barbuda alongside citizenship from another country.

Immigrant Invest is a licensed agent for citizenship and residence by investment programs in the EU, the Caribbean, Asia, and the Middle East. Take advantage of our global 15-year expertise — schedule a meeting with our investment programs experts.

Will you obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship?

Practical Guide

Will you obtain Antigua and Barbuda citizenship?

Frequently asked questions

  • What are the main ways to become an Antigua and Barbuda citizen?

    To obtain citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda, individuals can pursue several avenues, including:

    • citizenship by birth;

    • citizenship by affiliation;

    • citizenship by naturalisation;

    • citizenship by marriage;

    • citizenship by Investment Program, CIP.

  • How powerful is the Antigua and Barbuda passport?

    Quite powerful. Now, it’s ranking 47th and includes 150+ visa-free or visa-on-arrival destinations.

  • How much does Antigua citizenship cost?

    The minimum donation is $100,000 and includes a non-refundable contribution to the National Development Fund.

    Other investment options:

    • $150,000+ as a contribution to the University of the West Indies Fund;

    • $200,000+ as a purchase of real estate;

    • $400,000+ as an investment in a business.

  • How long does it take to become a citizen of Antigua?

    It will take at least 6 months. In case of providing all the necessary documents, investors and their family members are entitled to rely on meeting these terms.

  • Does Antigua allow dual citizenship?

    Yes, it does. But the investor should also check law requirements related to origin pass and whether it allows second citizenship.

  • Is Antigua tax-free?

    Yes. Antigua and Barbuda have no capital gain or estate taxes, and income generated outside the country is not taxed.

  • Can foreigners buy property in Antigua?

    Yes. Participating in the investment program can any foreigners, except Afghanistan, Iran, North Korea, Somalia, Yemen and Sudan citizens.

  • How can I become a citizen of Antigua?

    There are several ways to get an Antigua and Barbuda passport: marriage, descent, birth, and naturalisation. All of them need long-term and particular circumstances.

    The fastest way to get an Antigua passport is to participate in a government investment program.

  • Do I need to visit Antigua and Barbuda as part of the application process?

  • Are there any specific insurance requirements for the real estate investment option?

    Investors have the option to purchase insurance packages to safeguard their investments, with liability insurance and hazard and fire insurance being the most common choices. While these insurances are recommended for added protection, they are not mandatory.

  • What are the specific criteria for including siblings in the citizenship application, and are there any additional fees associated with their inclusion?

    An investor can include unmarried, financially dependent childless siblings in their application.

    For the Antigua and Barbuda CBI program, the application processing fee for a family of five is $30,000, with an extra charge of $15,000 per additional dependent. The Due Diligence costs are $4,000 per adult sibling and $2,000 per sibling aged 12 to 17.

  • Can a US citizen have dual citizenship with Antigua and Barbuda?

    Yes. Both the USA and Antigua and Barbuda allow their citizens to have dual citizenship.

  • How to get Antigua and Barbuda citizenship for family members

    Investors can include family members in the application under certain conditions:

    • a spouse;

    • children under 30;

    • parents and grandparents over 55;

    • unmarried siblings.

    Adult children, parents, and grandparents must be under the full financial support of the investor.