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All types of Portugal visas: which one should you get?

Foreigners planning to visit or move to Portugal can choose one of the four visa types, depending on the intended duration of stay.

Short-term visas are the Schengen, temporary stay, and Job Seeker visas. Residence visas, such as Startup and D7 Visas, allow for longer stay.

Learn if you need a visa to Portugal and which type suits your situation.

Portugal visa types

Do you need a visa to Portugal?

Whether one needs a visa to Portugal or not depends on their citizenship. 

62 countries and territories have a visa-exempt regime with Portugal, including the Schengen states, the UK, the USA, and others. Citizens of these countries don’t need visas for brief visits of up to 90 days.

For longer visits over 90 days, foreigners obtain national visas regardless of their nationality. The only exception are EU citizens who can simply register at a Portuguese address to be able to reside in the country long-term.

Countries whose citizens can enter Portugal visa-free




Antigua and Barbuda,





Bosnia and Herzegovina,


Brunei Darussalam,




Costa Rica,


El Salvador,




Holy See,


Hong Kong,






Marshall Islands,







New Zealand,


North Macedonia,






San Marino,




Solomon Islands,

South Korea,

St Kitts and Nevis,

St Lucia,

St Vincent and the Grenadines,




Trinidad and Tobago,



United Arab Emirates,

United Kingdom,

United States of America,



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Citizens of other countries need either a Schengen visa or a national visa to enter Portugal. 

Schengen visas are granted to those who plan a short trip to the country for tourism purposes. National visas are intended for foreigners who plan to stay in Portugal for longer than 90 days at once.

How long can foreigners stay in Portugal without a visa?

Citizens of countries that have a visa-free agreement with Portugal can stay in the country for up to 90 days every half a year. 

EU citizens can stay in Portugal indefinitely if they register with local municipal authorities.

Nationals of countries that do not have a visa-free regime with Portugal, need to obtain a short-term or long-term visa. The type of visa should be chosen according to the intended duration of stay and its purpose.  

Types of Portugal visas

All Portuguese visas can be divided into four categories, depending on the duration of intended stay and its purpose.  

Residence visas are granted to foreigners planning to stay in Portugal indefinitely and are eligible for a residence permit. This includes relatives of the country's nationals, entrepreneurs, employees of Portuguese companies, students of local universities who intend to stay for longer than a year, and others. 

Typically, a residence visa is valid for 4 months and allows two entries to the country. The holder of such a visa is expected to apply for residency once they arrive in Portugal.

Residence visas are also often called type 1 visas; however, this naming is not official.

Temporary stay visas allow multiple entries and are valid for one year maximum. They are granted to students, employees, interns who intend to stay in Portugal for less than a year, and foreigners arriving for medical or religious purposes.

The Job Seeker visa is a single-entry visa granted for 120 days and extendable for another 60 days. As the name implies, it is granted to foreigners who don't have a job in Portugal yet but are willing to find one.

A short-term tourist visa is a uniform visa valid in Portugal and the other 26 Schengen states.

Schengen visas are granted to foreigners planning a short visit to Portugal for tourism, business or medical treatment. It allows staying in the Schengen Area for a maximum of 90 days every half a year within the validity period. 

Schengen visas can be single-entry or multiple-entry — it is up to an embassy to allow or restrict multiple entries and set the validity period for each applicant. 

How to obtain a residence visa to Portugal

A foreigner can obtain a residence visa to Portugal for employment, study, sufficient passive income, family reunification, and business investments.

Residence visas to Portugal allow two entries into the country and 4 months of stay. A holder of this type of visa is expected to apply for a residence permit once they enter the country. 

Business initiatives. Entrepreneurs willing to fund a business in Portugal can apply for one of the two long-term visas  — a Startup Visa for those starting innovative projects and a D2 visa for other types of businesses. 

Neither of the options requires applicants to invest a certain amount; however, entrepreneurs are expected to have rented or owned accommodation in Portugal and sufficient funds for everyday expenses. For instance, an applicant's minimum amount in their bank account to apply for a Startup Visa is €5,200.

Employment. Two different types of visas are intended for foreigners employed by Portuguese companies — D1 and D3. 

The D1 visa allows foreign employees of Portuguese companies to obtain residency in the country. To get the visa, applicants must provide a work contract for at least 12 months and proof of accommodation. The D1 visa does not require higher education. 

The D3, or HQA, visa is granted to highly qualified professionals with higher education in specific fields. Typically, this includes IT professionals, engineers, doctors, scientists, and top management. Applicants for a D3 visa need to provide a job contract with a salary of €1,441 or higher.

Professional training, internship, or volunteer work. Foreigners who have an agreement with a Portuguese institution about an unpaid internship, volunteer work or training can apply for a special type of visa. This also applies to high-school student exchange program participants. 

Aside from proof of accommodation and sufficient funds, applicants need to provide an invitation letter from a Portuguese institution. 

Study and research. International students of Portuguese universities, as well as researchers, can apply for a residence visa. It is available to those who already have the offer to study in a bachelor's, master's, PhD, or Postdoc program. 

Aside from a letter from a university or research institution, applicants are required to show proof of accommodation and enough funds to live in Portugal.   

Passive income. Foreigners with a stable passive income can obtain a D7 visa to get residency in Portugal

For the D7 visa, almost any legal income obtained remotely from sources outside Portugal qualifies as passive income. This includes salary from a remote job, pension, rental payments, interest, royalties, etc. 

The income should be equal to the minimum wage in Portugal or more. The threshold changes every year. In 2023, it’s €760 monthly. 

Family reunification. Close family members of Portugal citizens and residents can apply for a residency visa. It is available to the resident's or citizen's spouse and dependent children, parents and siblings. 

To apply for this type of visa, applicants must present documents that prove their relationship to a Portuguese national or resident, such as a marriage certificate, birth certificate, adoption papers, or a copy of the custody decision.

Additionally, a Portuguese citizen who wants to provide their family members with permits must present evidence of suitable accommodation for everyone and sufficient funds to support their relatives.

Investment. Foreigners willing to contribute to the country’s economy can obtain Portugal residence permits. 

The Golden Visa Program implies multiple investment ways, including property purchase, acquisition of fund units, investments in scientific research or culture, and other options. The minimum investment to join the program is €250,000. 

Along with the main applicant, their close family members can obtain residency. This includes spouses, as well as dependent children, parents, and siblings. Permits obtained under this program are to be renewed every two years. 

How to obtain Portugal residency with a type 1 visa

Once a residence visa holder is in Portugal, they should submit their documents to the Portuguese Immigration and Border Service (SEF). The set should include the following: 

  • two identical photographs in colour; 
  • a passport or another valid travel document;
  • evidence of sufficient means;
  • proof of accommodation in Portugal; 
  • consent for a Portugal criminal record check;
  • a criminal record of the country of origin. 

Aside from this, the applicant should provide the supporting documents proving their right to residency in Portugal: a work contract, an invitation letter from a university or an agreement with a business incubator. 

The application processing takes around 1—2 months.

Who is eligible for Portugal temporary stay visas

Temporary stay visas are issued to people who need to stay in Portugal for over 3 months but less than a year. For instance, this type of visa could be granted to exchange students and seasonal workers. 

The full list of reasons to obtain a Portugal temporary stay visa includes: 

  • work and investigation;
  • study, internship, and youth mobility;
  • medical treatment and accompanying a person undergoing medical treatment;
  • religious purposes;
  • digital nomads and retirees;
  • family reunification for close relatives of a person holding a temporary stay visa for other reasons. 

Holders of temporary stay visas don't need to get a residence card. Their visa is valid for the whole duration of their stay and allows multiple entries into Portugal. 

Applicants for temporary stay visas submit documentation related to their purpose of stay, for instance, a work contract, a medical report, an invitation from a university for an exchange program, etc. 

Aside from that, applicants provide the following: 

  • a filled-out National Visa application; 
  • two identical passport-type photos in colour;
  • a passport or another valid travel document;
  • travel insurance valid for the whole duration of stay; 
  • a criminal record certificate from the country of origin; 
  • a request for criminal record enquiry by SEF; 
  • proof of financial means;
  • a copy of a return ticket. 
Portugal visa types | Douro region

The Douro region in Portugal is known for its terraced landscape and is home to some of the best Portuguese wines. Dozens of wineries here invite visitors for a tour, a romantic dinner or even a stay at a wine hotel

How to get a Portugal Job Seeker visa

The Job Seeker visa is a type of single-entry visa that is valid for 120 days and can be extended for another 60 days. It is intended for foreigners who are seeking employment in Portugal but have not yet secured a job.

To get a Job Seeker visa, the applicant needs to provide a Portuguese consulate with the following documents: 

  • a filled-out National Visa application; 
  • two identical passport-type photos in colour;
  • a passport or another valid travel document;
  • travel insurance valid for the whole duration of stay; 
  • a criminal record certificate from the country of origin; 
  • a request for criminal record enquiry by SEF; 
  • proof of financial means;
  • a copy of a return ticket;
  • proof of financial resources equivalent to three minimum monthly salaries; in 2023, it’s €2,280.

How to get a Schengen visa to Portugal

The Schengen visa is a type of visa that allows travel throughout the Schengen Area for up to 90 days every half a year. Typically, if the intended stay does not exceed 3 months, a foreigner should apply for a Schengen visa, regardless of the purpose of the visit. 

A Schengen visa can be granted for a few days to a maximum of five years. However, regardless of the length of the visa's validity, the holder is not allowed to stay in the Schengen Area for over 90 days in a half-year period. Depending on the consulate's decision, the visa may be a single-entry or multiple-entry.

The list of documents for a Schengen visa application includes the following: 

  • a filled-out application form; 
  • a passport or another valid travel document
  • two passport-type photos in colour;
  • proof of funds;
  • proof of accommodation, for example, a hotel booking; 
  • a copy of a travel document, including the return ticket;
  • travel insurance covering the whole period of the intended stay. 
Portugal visa types | Obidos

The town of Obidos is just one hour drive away from Portugal — it is a well-preserved example of a walled mediaeval town that is known for its frequent vibrant festivals

Key takeaways

Foreign nationals planning a trip to Portugal have several options for short-term and long-term visas to the country:

  1. Citizens of 62 countries, including all the EU states, the USA, and the UK, do not require a visa for short stays. They are allowed to visit Portugal for up to 90 days every half a year.
  2. Citizens of all other countries do need to obtain a visa. There are four visa types in Portugal. The Schengen, temporary stay and the Job Seeker are short-term visas that allow staying in the country from 90 days to 1 year. Residence visas are long-term and will enable you to get a Portugal residence permit. 
  3. To obtain a residence visa to Portugal, one needs to provide a solid reason to do so: a work contract, proof of starting a business in the country, an invitation from a university, etc.

Frequently asked questions

Do I need a visa to Portugal?

Whether one needs a visa to Portugal depends on nationality and the period of intended stay. Citizens of over 60 countries do not need a visa for short visits to Portugal.  

A foreigner must obtain a national visa if they plan to stay in Portugal for longer than 3 months. There are three types of national visas: 

  • residence visas, which are intended for those planning to stay in Portugal indefinitely;
  • temporary stay visas for stays up to 1 year; 
  • the Job Seeker visa, which is granted for 120 days.    
How long can I stay in Portugal?

Citizens of countries that have a visa-free regime with Portugal can stay in the country for up to 90 days without obtaining entry permission.

A Schengen visa allows staying in Portugal for a maximum of 90 days every half a year. Foreigners who are planning a longer stay should apply for national visas: 

  • residence visas allow staying in the country for 4 months and enable the holder to obtain a 1- or 2-year residency permit;
  • temporary stay visas allow staying in Portugal for up to one year.
How many types of visas are there in Portugal?

There are four types of visas in Portugal: 

  • residence visas that allow staying in the country for 4 months and enable the holder to obtain a 1- or 2-year residency permit;
  • temporary stay visas for a stay of up to one year;
  • a Job Seeker visa that allows residing in the country for 120 days and is extendable for another 60 days;
  • a Schengen visa for short visits up to 90 days every half-year period.   
What are D7 and D2 visas to Portugal?

Both D7 and D2 visas are residency visas to Portugal. They allow a 4-month stay and two entries into the country. Holders of these visas are expected to apply for a 1 or 2-year residency permit once they are in Portugal. 

The Portugal D2 visa is intended for foreigners planning to invest in a business in the country. The applicant for this type of visa can either fund a new business or purchase an existing one — fully or partially.  

The D7 visa allows foreigners with sufficient passive income to enter Portugal and obtain residency there. Applicants must prove a passive monthly income of at least €760. Any income received remotely qualifies for this visa, including salary on a remote job, pensions, royalties, rental payments, etc.  

Is a Portugal D7 visa easy to get?

The processing time for a Portugal D7 visa is around 2—4 months. To apply for it, the applicant needs to submit an extensive package of documents, which includes: 

  • a passport or another travel document;
  • two passport-type coloured photos; 
  • medical insurance; 
  • a certificate of criminal record from the country of origin; 
  • proof of sufficient passive income; 
  • proof of at least €9,000 in a Portuguese bank account. 
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All types of Portugal visas: which one should you get?