passport of Netherlands

Netherlands Passport

Passport rankings out of 193 countries

Freedom of travel5

Asset protection19

Quality of life10

"Plan B"9

About Netherlands

A state in Western Europe. The Netherlands also includes the islands of Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba in the Caribbean. The territory of the country in Europe borders on Germany and Belgium, washed by the North Sea.

The Netherlands is a developed state with a post-industrial economy. The country is a member of the European Union, Schengen, Benelux and other associations. The Netherlands is popular with tourists: in 2019, more than 20 million people visited the state. Foreigners visit Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam, traditional fishing villages, botanical gardens and the famous tulip fields.


17.6 million



Official language


GDP per capita


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Netherlands passport ranking and benefits

  • 1

    Residence in the Netherlands or another EU country

    The Netherlands is a member of the European Union. Dutch citizens can live in any EU country. You will not need a residence permit for this purpose — it is enough to register after three months of residence.

  • 2

    Access to 186 countries

    A Dutch passport provides visa-free entry to the Schengen countries, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia and other countries.

  • 3

    Education and healthcare in the European Union

    It is easier for a child with a Dutch passport to enroll in a university in another EU country: education will be cheaper, and they won’t need a student visa.

    Dutch citizens receive healthcare in the own country and other EU countries. For example, an insurance company will pay expenses that are more than €385. The state will reimburse the cost of treatment to low-income patients: up to €2,527 a year for a family, and up to €1,323 per year for a single citizen.

  • 4

    Work and international business

    A Dutch passport allows you to open a company in the country or another European state. Working in the European Union won’t require getting residence permit or work permit in advance.

Grounds for obtaining a Netherlands passport

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Birth to citizens of the country

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Marriage to a citizen of the country

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Work for the country's government

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Estimated time: 5 years

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Parents citizenship

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Special conditions

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Special services to the state

Obtaining a Netherlands passport by naturalization: requirements for applicants

Knowledge of state language

Assimilation or cultural knowledge

Stable financial status

Good health

No criminal records

Frequently asked questions

  • How do I get a Dutch passport?

    Dutch citizenship is obtained by birth, adoption, marriage, ancestry, special merits, and naturalisation.

    To obtain Dutch citizenship by naturalisation, you must have lived in the country for at least 5 years, meet the permanent residence requirements, know the Dutch language at A2 level or above, pass the civil integration test and have no criminal record.

    The spouse or partner of a Dutch citizen can obtain a passport by naturalisation after 3 years. Spouses must be registered at the same address and live together.

  • Do the Netherlands recognize second citizenship?

    Usually, when obtaining Dutch citizenship by naturalisation, you must renounce the citizenship of other countries. In some cases, you can retain multiple citizenship:

    • when registering a marriage or partnership with a Dutch citizen;

    • renouncing citizenship causes too many difficulties;

    • a citizen would lose important rights or property in their country, or suffer losses;

    • a citizen has refugee status.

  • How to live in the Netherlands with citizenship of another country?

    The Netherlands is a member of the European Union, so you can move there using a simplified procedure with a passport of one of the EU states, Portugal or Malta among them.

  • Who can get Dutch citizenship by birthright?

    Dutch citizenship can be obtained by right of blood — if the child is born in marriage, and one of the parents is a Netherlands citizen. In this case, the place of birth does not matter.

    A child born out of wedlock will receive citizenship if the mother is Dutch, or the father is Dutch and has recognized his paternity.