Last reviewed on June 5, 2024

Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Residency in the sunniest EU country for living, working remotely, and travelling

€2,646+

Applicant’s monthly income

4+ months

Residency obtaining period

5 years

To permanent residency

The Spain Digital Nomad Visa, or Visado de Trabajar a Distancia, grants the right to obtain a residence permit in the country.

The Digital Nomad Visa is issued to employees of foreign companies, sole proprietors, and self-employed individuals. The main requirement is to work remotely and earn at least €2,646 per month.

The visa is available only to non-EU citizens.

Digital nomads get 3-year residence permits, subject to extension for another 2 years.

After 5 years of living in Spain, a digital nomad can apply for a permanent residence permit. After another 5 years, applying for a Spanish passport and citizenship is possible.

The conditions for granting the Digital Nomad Visa are regulated by Law No. 28/2022.

9 benefits of the Spain Nomad Residence

  • 1

    Moving to Spain

    The Digital Nomad Visa allows one to obtain a residence permit in Spain within 1 year after entering the country.

  • 2

    Visa-free travel within the Schengen Area

    Spanish residents can freely visit all countries of the Schengen Area and stay for up to 90 days within 180 days.

  • 3

    Residence permits for the whole family

    The spouse and children also obtain Digital Nomad Visas and residency in Spain along with the main applicant. Parents, grandparents, and siblings may also be included in exceptional cases.

  • 4

    Fast procedure

    Applications for the Digital Nomad Visa are processed within 15 to 45 business days.

  • 5

    Tax benefits

    Digital nomads pay an income tax at a fixed rate of 24% in Spain if their total income does not exceed €600,000 per year. Income above this amount is taxed at 45%.

  • 6

    Services of European banks

    It is easier for residents of Spain to open an account at a local bank. They also have the right to take out loans or mortgages and transfer money abroad.

  • 7

    Free school education for children

    Children of Spanish residents attend primary and secondary schools for free.

    Higher education is paid. However, studying at Spanish universities costs twice less compared to Italy or Austria.

  • 8

    Access to high-quality healthcare

    Spain ranks 7th in the World Health Care Index.

    Residents of Spain get free treatment at public hospitals if they contribute to social security funds.

  • 9

    Permanent residency in 5 years

    After 5 years of living in Spain, foreigners have the right to obtain permanent residency. The main condition is spending at least 183 days per year in Spain.

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Practical guide on obtaining a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

  • Step-by-step procedure

  • Requirements for applicants

  • Required documents

  • Answers to frequently asked questions

Who can get a Spanish residence for digital nomads

  • Main applicant

    • Over 18

    • Non-EU or non-EEA citizen

    • With remote work and an income of at least €2,646 per month

    • With residential property in Spain — rented or purchased

    • Without criminal records

    • With health insurance

    • With a higher education degree or 3 years of work experience

  • Spouse

    In an officially registered marriage

  • Children under 18

  • Children over 18

    • Studying at a university

    • Financially dependent on the main applicant

    • Not married

  • Parents and grandparents

    Financially dependent on the main applicant

  • Siblings

    Financially dependent on the main applicant

Costs of a Digital Nomad Visa in Spain

To obtain a Spain Digital Nomad Visa, the applicant must confirm remote working income of at least €2,646 per month, or €31,752 per year.

The income threshold for a digital nomad depends on the Spanish minimum wage, SMI. In 2024, it is €1,134. A digital nomad must demonstrate an income twice the SMI amount to obtain a visa.

For families, the monthly income requirements are higher:

  • €993 must be added for a spouse;

  • €331 for each additional family member, such as a child.

The applicant must also pay government fees, purchase or rent property in Spain, and obtain health insurance.

Expenses on obtaining a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Expense item

Amount

Housing costs

No requirements for the property price or rental amount

Consular fee

€80

Fee for obtaining the NIE number

€9.84

One-year health insurance with coverage of at least €30,000 per person

€50+ per month for a single applicant

€2,500+ per year for a family of four

Government fee for issuing a residence permit card

€79.26

Notary and translation services

€1,000+

Individual cost calculation for a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Individual cost calculation for a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

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Requirements for digital nomads’ remote work

Employees of foreign companies, self-employed individuals, and sole proprietors are eligible to apply for the Digital Nomad Visa. When applying, they must confirm that they have been working with legal entities outside of Spain for at least 3 months. Contracts with individuals are not accepted.

The employment contract must be concluded only with companies that have operated for over a year. The duration of the contract should be at least 3 years.

The employee must also obtain permission from the employer to work remotely in Spain.

Self-employed individuals are allowed to work in Spain if their income from local companies does not exceed 20% of their total monthly income.

Step-by-step procedure for obtaining a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Obtaining a residence permit for digital nomads takes at least 4 months. The applicant will only need to come to Spain after the approval of the Digital Nomad Visa to submit the residence permit application personally.

1

1 day

Preliminary Due Diligence

The preliminary check is a mandatory step before entering into a Services Agreement with Immigrant Invest.

A certified Compliance Anti Money Laundering Officer verifies the applicant’s information in international databases. This allows potential risks to be identified on time and increases the chances of the application being approved.

The check is completely confidential and takes 1 business day.

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2

3+ weeks

Get an individual taxpayer identification number

A unique foreigner’s identity number (NIE) is required to purchase or rent a property in Spain, open a bank account, and register for tax purposes. This number can be obtained in person in Spain or through a representative.

3

3+ weeks

Purchase or rent housing in Spain

Immigrant Invest real estate experts help find a suitable property and complete the transaction. Digital nomads can choose a property online through an Immigrant Invest attorney.

4

4+ weeks

Prepare documents

The list of the required documents depends on the applicant’s situation. Immigrant Invest lawyers help gather the necessary documents, fill out the visa application, and complete other government forms.

5

4+ weeks

Get a Digital Nomad Visa

The documents and completed application are submitted to the visa centre or Spanish consulate in the country of citizenship or residence. The visa application is processed within 15 to 45 business days.

Once the application is approved, a Digital Nomad Visa is affixed to the passport. It is valid for 12 months. The passport with the visa can be collected in person or through an authorised representative within 1 month.

6

3+ weeks

Obtain a residence permit in Spain

With the Digital Nomad Visa, the foreigner arrives in Spain and applies for a residence permit. The immigration service typically processes the application within 20 business days.

7

30+ days

Obtain a resident card

The digital nomad provides fingerprints in person and is photographed at a Spanish police station. After this, they are issued a residence permit card valid for 3 years, extendable for another 2 years.

Required documents to get a Spanish Nomad Residence

The following documents must be submitted with the visa application:

  1. Copies of passports for all family members. Passports must be valid for at least 1 year.

  2. A colour passport-sized photograph.

  3. A filled-out MI-T application form.

  4. Certificates of no criminal records from all countries where adult applicants have resided in the last 2 years.

  5. Marriage and birth certificates, if applicable.

  6. Proof of income in the form of a bank statement, employment contract, letter from the employer, or work completion certificate.

  7. Proof of qualifications or at least 3 years of work experience.

  8. CV, i.e. a resume in a free format.

  9. Health insurance with the coverage of at least €30,000 per person.

  10. Receipt of payment of the government fee.

All documents must be translated into Spanish and certified by a notary.

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Tax rates for digital nomads in Spain

Digital nomads in Spain have access to a preferential tax program — a special tax regime for incoming expatriates, also known as the Beckham Law. It allows them to pay an income tax in Spain at a flat rate of 24% for the first 6 years. The taxed income is up to €600,000 annually; the exceeding amount is taxed at 45%.

The tax benefits of the Beckham Law are only available to company employees and entrepreneurs. Self-employed individuals do not receive tax benefits in Spain.

To pay taxes and conduct real estate transactions, a digital nomad needs an NIE, a foreigner’s identification number. It can be obtained from the Spanish police at the place of residence or through the Spanish consulate.

How to renew a Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Validity. The Digital Nomad Visa is valid for 1 year, during which the applicant arrives in Spain and applies for a residence permit.

The residence permit card is valid for 3 years. It can be extended for another 2 years if the resident has spent at least 183 days per year in Spain.

To apply for a residence permit renewal, it is necessary to do so 60 days before or within 90 days after the card’s expiration date.

The main applicant must gather a complete set of documents, similar to when obtaining the initial residence permit. Additionally, a certificate of payment of social security contributions must be provided.

Relatives must submit separate applications. They must also provide certificates of no criminal record from all countries where they have resided in the last 2 years.

How to obtain permanent residency and citizenship in Spain

Permanent residency is granted to foreigners who have lived in Spain for at least 5 years and have spent at least 183 days per year in the country. Permanent residency is indefinite. Only the resident card needs to be renewed every 5 years.

The Spanish passport is available to a foreigner who has lived in the country for more than 10 years. Candidates for citizenship must additionally pass two exams: a Spanish language proficiency test at a minimum of the A2 level and a test on Spanish culture and laws.

Spain prohibits dual citizenship. This means that the first citizenship must be renounced upon obtaining a Spanish passport.

An exception applies only to citizens of Andorra, France, Portugal, and Ibero-American countries: South American countries where Spanish is the official language. The latter include, for example, Brazil, Cuba, Paraguay, and Chile.

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Frequently asked questions

  • What is a Spain Digital Nomad Visa?

    The Spain Digital Nomad Visa is a long-term visa for foreign employees who work remotely. It allows them to live in the country for the visa duration and apply for a residence permit.

    The Digital Nomad Visa is a popular way to move to a country without investment. Nomad visas are also issued in Portugal and Malta.

  • What is a D visa to Spain?

    It is a long-term visa that allows the holder to stay in Spain for more than 90 days within 180 days. A national D visa is usually obtained for work or study in the country.

  • What are the benefits of the Spain Digital Nomad Visa?

    The Digital Nomad Visa allows one to obtain a 3-year residence permit in Spain. Digital nomads can travel visa-free within the Schengen Area and benefit from tax exemptions in Spain. Their children attend Spanish schools for free.

  • How to obtain the Spain Digital Nomad Visa?

    After contacting Immigrant Invest, the applicant undergoes a preliminary Due Diligence check. The company’s lawyers assist in obtaining an individual identification number (NIE), gathering the necessary documents, and submitting the application at a visa centre or Spanish consulate in the applicant’s country of residence.

  • What documents are required for the Spanish Digital Nomad visa?

    To obtain a Spain Digital Nomad Visa, you will need:

    1. Passport.

    2. Certificate of no criminal record.

    3. Proof of income and qualifications.

    4. Health insurance.

    5. CV.

    6. Completed application form.

  • How to apply for a Spain Digital Nomad Visa?

    The documents and visa applications for the Digital Nomad Visa are submitted to a visa centre or Spanish consulate in the country of citizenship or residence.

  • Can family members of a digital nomad move to Spain?

    Yes, the spouse and children obtain the visa along with the main applicant.

    The Spain Digital Nomad Visa allows for including other relatives in the application, such as parents, grandparents, and siblings. However, in practice, such applications are rarely approved, as it may be difficult to prove the financial dependence of these relatives on the main applicant.

  • How much does it cost to live in Spain as a digital nomad?

    The cost of living in Spain depends on the region and the resident’s lifestyle. On average, foreigners need €15,000—20,000 per year to cover basic expenses.

  • How do digital nomads pay taxes in Spain?

    For the first 6 years in Spain, digital nomads pay income tax at a fixed rate of 24% on an annual income of up to €600,000.

    Digital nomads do not pay capital gains tax and wealth tax on foreign assets while the incoming expatriate tax regime, or Beckham Law, applies to them.

  • Do digital nomads pay taxes in Spain?

    Yes. A digital nomad pays an income tax of 24% on an income of up to €600,000 per year. The exceeding amount is taxed at 45%.

  • How can a digital nomad obtain an NIE in Spain?

    The unique identification number (NIE) can be obtained in person or through a representative. It is issued by the Spanish police at the place of residence or a Spanish consulate.

  • What taxes do freelancers pay in Spain?

    Freelancers pay an income tax of 24%, VAT, property transfer tax, and social security contributions.

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Zlata Erlach
Zlata Erlach

Head of the Austrian office

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