passport of Poland

Poland Passport

Passport rankings out of 193 countries

Freedom of travel28

Asset protection49

Quality of life43

"Plan B"46

About Poland

A state in Central Europe. It is washed by the waters of the Baltic Sea. It borders with Russia, Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Germany. Poland is a member of the European Union and the Schengen area.

Poland is an industrial country with a developed economy. The main industries are mining, machine-building and textile industries, metallurgy, furniture and porcelain production. Exports of agricultural products such as apples and strawberries also play an important role in the economy.


38.2 million



Official language


GDP per capita


Time zone



Polish zloty

Poland passport ranking and benefits

  • 1

    Residence in Poland or another EU country

    Poland is a member of the European Union. Polish citizens can live in any EU country. You will not need a residence permit for that, just a registry after three months of residence.

  • 2

    Access to 181 countries around the world

    A Polish passport provides visa-free travels to the Schengen countries, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia and other states.

  • 3

    Studying and healthcare in the European Union

    It is easier for a child with a Polish passport to enroll in a EU university. For a non-EU citizen, tuition will cost more. In addition, Polish citizens receive benefits for healthcare in their country and other EU states.

  • 4

    Work and international business

    A Polish passport allows you to register a company in the country or another European state. There is no need to issue a job or residence permit in advance in order to work in the EU.

Grounds for obtaining a Poland passport

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Birth to citizens of the country

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Marriage to a citizen of the country

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Work for the country's government

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Estimated time: 10 years (3 for a permanent resident)

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Parents citizenship

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Special conditions

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Special services to the state

Obtaining a Poland passport by naturalization: requirements for applicants

Knowledge of state language

Assimilation or cultural knowledge

Stable financial status

Good health

No criminal records

Frequently asked questions

  • How do I get a Polish passport?

    Polish citizenship is obtained by birth, adoption, marriage, descent, special merits, or naturalisation.

    To obtain Polish citizenship by naturalisation, you must have permanently lived in the country for at least 10 years, receive a regular income, have your own or rented housing, know Polish at a minimum level of B1 and have no criminal record.

    The spouse of a Polish citizen can obtain a passport by naturalisation after 2 years of permanent residence and cohabitation in marriage for at least 3 years. They will need to pass the Polish language proficiency test.

    Children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Polish ancestors receive citizenship through their descent. They need to prove that they are related, have their own home, or have a permanent income in Poland.

  • Does Poland recognise second citizenship?

    Poland has not signed agreements on second citizenship with other states, but it does not require renouncing another citizenship when obtaining a Polish passport. This means that Poland recognises Polish citizens only as citizens of its own country.

  • How to live in Poland with citizenship of another country?

    Poland is a member of the European Union, so you can move there using a simplified procedure with a passport of one of the EU states, Portugal or Malta.

  • Who can receive Polish citizenship by birthright?

    Polish citizenship can be obtained by right of blood — if the child was born to citizens of the country. In this case, the place of birth does not matter.

    A child born on the territory of the country can obtain Polish citizenship by right of birth, provided that the parents are unknown.