Vaccination Requirements In European Countries With Citizenship And Residence Permit Programmes

194 million people fell ill with the coronavirus between January 2020 and July 2021. To keep their citizens and residents safe, states impose restrictions within the country, such as on visits to public places. In some cases, vaccination becomes compulsory.

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Vaccination requirements for citizens and residents of Malta, Cyprus, Portugal, Greece, Montenegro and Andorra
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Investors who want to obtain a second citizenship or residence permit by investment travel to the chosen European country at least once to take biometrics. However, the rules for entry and stay in the countries change almost every week. Let us tell you about the current requirements in the countries with investment programmes.

Malta is a world leader in vaccination against coronavirus

83.7% of people in Malta had been fully vaccinated against coronavirus by 24 July 2021. This is the best rate in the world, according to statistics portal Our World In Data.

83.7% of the population in Malta

received both doses of the coronavirus vaccine

Approved vaccines and vaccination certificates. Only EU-approved vaccines are used for vaccination in Malta: Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson.

Citizens and residents receive the Europe-wide vaccination certificate Digital Green Pass.

The Maltese vaccination certificate is valid for six months from the date of issue.

The vaccination is compulsory for non-European Union citizens. Vaccination is compulsory for workers in catering, medical, childcare, elderly care, beauticians, massage therapists and tattoo artists. The vaccination certificate is required for the renewal of a residence permit with the right to work in the country.

Rules for visiting public places. It is compulsory to wear a mask indoors and outdoors. You will need a clear protective visor to visit the bank From 1 June, wearing a mask on the beaches is desirable but not compulsory.

There is a fine of €100, for a mask violation.

Rules for entry into the country. From 14 July, passengers over 12 years of age must present a certificate of vaccination in order to enter Malta. The vaccination must be given with an approved vaccine: Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, or Johnson & Johnson. At least 14 days must elapse after the second dose.

Malta accepts certificates of vaccination issued by the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, UK, UAE, Turkey, USA, Serbia, Gibraltar, Jersey and Guernsey.

Unvaccinated passengers must submit a negative PCR test result for coronavirus made 72 hours prior to arrival in Malta. It is also compulsory to spend 14 days in quarantine.

Rules for vaccinations and visiting public places in Malta
Holidays in Malta are not yet available to Russians: entry from Russia is only allowed in exceptional cases, such as the birth of a child

Portugal: voluntary vaccination and holidays in Madeira

In July 2021, there are no current regulations on compulsory vaccination in Portugal. However, 67% of the country has already been vaccinated and Madeira welcomes tourists from all over the world.

Approved vaccines and vaccination certificate. Vaccines used for vaccination are EU-approved vaccines: Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson.

Citizens and residents receive a Europe-wide Digital Green Pass vaccination certificate.

Compulsory vaccination is not compulsory

Rules for visiting public places. Wearing a mask is compulsory in public places and transport.

The European Digital Green Pass vaccination certificate or a negative PCR test result for coronavirus must be shown when checking into Portuguese hotels.

In high-risk regions, including Lisbon and Porto, restaurants and cafés are open until 10.30 pm. To dine indoors, visitors must present a Digital Green Pass or a negative PCR test for coronavirus.

Rules for entry into the country. Russians can only travel to Portugal for a good reason, such as urgent business matters or to reunite with family. A Schengen visa and a PCR test for coronavirus taken 72 hours before arrival are required for entry.

The archipelago of Madeira is open to foreign tourists, including Russians. Entry requires a negative PCR test, a certificate of vaccination, or a certificate that the passenger has had coronavirus within the last six months. The vaccination certificate can be Russian: Madeira accepts Sputnik V vaccination documents.

Rules for vaccinations and visiting public places in Portugal
Madeira is the only region of Portugal open to tourists

Greece: Visiting public places only on vaccination certificate or PCR test

18 Greek islands have covid-free status, where all residents have been vaccinated against the coronavirus. The country is open to tourists from all over the world. But to ensure the safety of locals and holidaymakers, the Greek government has regularly stepped up precautions.

Approved vaccines and vaccination certificates. Vaccines approved in the European Union are used: Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson.

Citizens and residents receive the Europe-wide vaccination certificate Digital Green Pass.

Mandatory vaccination has been introduced for workers in nursing homes and other care facilities for the elderly. The rule came into force on 16 August 2021. From 1 September, vaccination will also become compulsory for health care workers in public and private hospitals.

Rules for visiting public places. It is compulsory to wear a mask in public places and transport.

From 15 July 2021, there are special areas in restaurants, cafés, bars, theatres, cinemas and places of entertainment for vaccinated guests only. You are allowed in these areas without a mask. Unvaccinated guests must present a negative PCR test for coronavirus to enter public areas.

There is a curfew from 1.30 am to 5.00 am.

The rules for entering the country. Greece welcomes tourists from all over the world, including Russians. It is compulsory to present a negative PCR test result for coronavirus at check-in and upon arrival in the country. The rule applies to all passengers, including holders of vaccination certificates and certificates of of a past illness.

Greece recognises vaccination certificates for Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Novavax, Johnson & Johnson, Sinovac Biotech, Cansino Biologics, Sinopharm and Sputnik V.

Vaccination and public visiting rules in Portugal
Corfu among the safest holiday destinations in 2021 by European Best Destinations

Cyprus has introduced a pass for visiting public places and working in an office

58% of the Cypriot population have been vaccinated against the coronavirus. But because of the threat of new strains spreading, the country’s government is tightening restrictions. A special document is now needed to visit public places and work in offices: the rule applies to locals and tourists.

Approved vaccines and vaccination certificate. Vaccines approved in the European Union are used: Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson.

Citizens and residents receive a Safe Pass and a Europe-wide Digital Green Pass certificate.

There is no compulsory vaccination.

Rules for visiting public places. Since 20 July, Cypriot citizens and residents must present a special pass, the SafePass. It is issued after they have received:

  • the first dose of the coronavirus vaccine;

  • a certificate that the person has been infected with the coronavirus;

  • The result of a PCR test or antigen test.

Tourists provide a Cyprus Flight Pass instead of a SafePass to visit public places. Citizens and residents of other EU Member States may apply for a Digital Green Pass.

The SafePass applies to catering establishments, banquet halls, nightclubs, supermarkets, entertainment venues, dance floors and discotheques, bars, theatres, auditoriums, cinemas, temples, stadiums and public transport.

SafePass must also be available to employees of public establishments and offices. From 1 August 2021, unvaccinated workers will undergo PCR testing for coronavirus every 72 hours. There will be a charge for the test, at the employee’s own expense.

Teenagers between 12 and 15 years of age who have not yet been vaccinated will have a negative PCR test in public places. The test result can also be given to those who are medically unavailable for vaccination. A doctor’s certificate must be presented.

Rules for entry into the country. Before travelling to Cyprus, a Cyprus Flight Pass must be obtained. To do so, the passenger completes a form on the

A result of a PCR test for coronavirus is required for entry. Holders of vaccination certificates are exempt from testing.

Cyprus recognises certificates for vaccination with Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Sinopharm, Sinovac and Sputnik V.

Vaccination and public places rules in Cyprus
From 20 July 2021, restaurants, cafes and bars in Cyprus will only accept visitors with SafePass, Cyprus Flight Pass or Digital Green Pass

Montenegro will start issuing "covid passports" to visit public places

22,000 tourists have chosen Montenegro for a holiday in July 2021 – 10 times more than a year ago. Russians can go on holiday to Montenegro with just one passport: even a PCR test for coronavirus is not needed for entry.

Approved vaccines and vaccination certificate. In Montenegro, vaccination is carried out with the Russian product Sputnik V and the Chinese vaccine Sinopharm.

From 30 July 2021, citizens and residents of the country will receive national covid passports. The document will state if a person:

  • Has been vaccinated against the coronavirus;

  • Has undergone PCR testing or a rapid test for coronavirus;

  • Has had a coronavirus infection.

The Covid Passport will be issued free of charge, in paper or digital form with a unique QR code.

There is no compulsory vaccination.

Rules for visiting public places. From August 2, 2021 to visit discos, nightclubs, bars, cafes and restaurants you need a Montenegrin Covid passport or a similar document from another country. For example, a European Digital Green Pass or a Russian vaccination certificate from the public services portal.

The rule only applies to enclosed spaces. Visiting summer verandas and beaches is allowed without PCR tests and vaccination certificates.

Rules for entry into the country. In July 2021, entry into Montenegro is free. Passengers do not need to present vaccination certificates or the results of a PCR test for coronavirus.

Rules on vaccinations and visiting public places in Montenegro.
Beach holidays in Montenegro remain accessible without restrictions, and it is still possible to enter the country with only one passport

Andorra: the only restriction is the mask mode

Andorra is a dwarf state in the Pyrenees mountains, between Spain and France. 62% of the country’s population have taken at least their first dose of vaccination. Tourists from any country can come to Andorra on holiday and residents of neighbouring countries do not even need a PCR test for coronavirus to enter.

Approved vaccines. You can get vaccinated in Andorra with one of three vaccines: Pfizer, AstraZeneca or Moderna.

There is no compulsory vaccination.

Rules for visiting public places. It is compulsory to wear a mask indoors in a restaurant, cafe, bar, shop, cinema. If it is possible to keep a social distance in the street, the mask can be removed.

Pharmacies may ask to see the results of an antigen test. It is also advisable to have the results of such a test if you are going to attend a social event.

Rules for entry into the country. To visit Andorra, a negative PCR test for coronavirus is required, taken 72 hours before arrival in the country. Vaccinated travellers can present a certificate of vaccination instead of the test. Those who have had coronavirus within the last six months can present a certificate of of a past illness.

For residents of Portugal, Spain and France, entry to Andorra is free.

There are no direct flights from Russia to Andorra in July 2021. Entry is only possible by train and car via Spain or France. Travellers should therefore take into account the rules of entry for all countries en route to Andorra.

Rules for vaccination and visiting public places in Andorra
Andorra is open to all tourists who can provide a negative PCR test result for coronavirus, a certificate of vaccination or a certificate of a past illness

Comparison of vaccination requirements in European countries with investment programmes

Country Mandatory vaccination Approved vaccines Rules for visiting public places
Malta Yes, for foreigners from certain professions with a residence permit for employment
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca
  • Johnson & Johnson
You have to follow a mask regime
Portugal No
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca
  • Johnson & Johnson
Greece Yes, for health care workers and care home staff
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • You need to wear a mask;
  • PCR test or vaccination certificate for restaurants, cafes, bars, theatres, cinemas and places of entertainment
Cyprus No
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • A mask regime must be observed;
  • Cyprus SafePass, Cyprus Flight Pass or European Digital Green Pass to visit public places
Montenegro No
  • Sputnik V
  • Sinopharm
  • A mask regime must be observed;
  • Covid passport for visiting discos, nightclubs, bars, cafes and restaurants
Андорра Нет
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca
A mask regime must be observed

How to obtain residence permit or citizenship by investment in Europe

Wealthy people can invest in the economy of a European country and obtain a residence permit or citizenship in return. Malta, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, Montenegro and Andorra offer this opportunity.

Citizenship can be obtained in Malta and Montenegro. Maltese citizenship is only obtained by naturalisation: for this, one must first obtain a residence permit and only after one year apply for citizenship. Montenegro grants passports by investment in tourist properties.

From €690,000

From €350,000

Permanent residence permits by investment are granted by Malta and Cyprus. To obtain a permanent residence permit in Malta, you have to rent or buy a property, pay a non-refundable fee and prove assets of €500,000 or more. Permanent residence in Cyprus is granted by purchasing residential or commercial real estate, shares in local companies or units in investment funds.

From €112,000

From €300,000

A temporary residence permit can also be obtained in Malta, but you will have to move to live in the country to do so. Portugal, Greece and Andorra grant residence permits by investments in the economy, without having to live in the country permanently.

From €30,000

From €250,000

From €250,000


From €400,000

When visiting the country of future citizenship or residence permit, the applicant can be vaccinated against coronavirus and receive a European vaccination certificate. Such a document will make travelling within the EU easier: its holders do not need to undergo PCR tests or serve quarantine.

Immigrant Invest helps you obtain citizenship or a residence permit in Europe by investment. If you want to travel freely around the world even in a pandemic, seek advice from experts in investment programmes.

Autor: Алевтина Калмук
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